By K. Widerquist
Independence, Propertylessness, and simple source of revenue argues that philosophers have concentrated an excessive amount of on scalar freedom and proposes a idea of prestige freedom as potent keep watch over self-ownership: the ability to have or refuse energetic cooperation with different keen humans, or just: freedom because the energy to decline.
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Additional info for Independence, Propertylessness, and Basic Income: A Theory of Freedom as the Power to Say No
The continuum of liberties is multidimensional and not 28 INDEPENDENCE, PROPERTYLESSNESS, AND BASIC INCOME all dimensions are equally important. We cannot determine whether someone is free by counting liberties; we must consider the value of those liberties. 8 It is, therefore, surprising that political philosophers have not paid more attention to this concept. 9 The lack of attention would be justifiable if status freedom were incoherent or obvious, or if the maximization of freedom as a continuous variable necessarily assured status freedom as well.
All of these requests involve negative duties only. A theory of freedom that takes a set of property rights as given is not a theory of negative freedom. A large part of the reason (if not the whole of the reason) people do not have the exit option they need to secure independence is the interference of other people who dominate resources. A person factually does not need aid from other people to use the land and minerals of the Earth. If negative freedom is the freedom from interference by other people, any theory of negative freedom has to take into account how the establishment, definition, and maintenance of property rights in resources involves interference and coercion with nonowners.
It is not only the right to use that thing but also the right to interfere with anyone else who might want to use that thing. If A owns all external assets, A is authorized to interfere with any use of external assets B might make. If B is a human being who needs resources to stay alive, B needs A’s permission to stay alive; B is effectively forced to work for A. If group A controls all external assets, they collectively coerce each member of group B to trade their self-ownership to at least one member of group B.
Independence, Propertylessness, and Basic Income: A Theory of Freedom as the Power to Say No by K. Widerquist