By Christiane Meierkord
English is a language on the centre of analysis into language touch, simply because its worldwide unfold has led to touch with a big number of diversified languages all over the world, resulting in the production of many new different types of English, together with moment language types, and likewise pidgins and creoles. This booklet takes an unique examine what occurs while audio system of those diverse kinds engage with each other. utilizing her personal wealthy fieldwork info from various overseas and South African contexts, Meierkord proposes an cutting edge method of how Englishes merge and mix in such interactions, growing extra new varieties of English and extra alterations to the language. via skilful analyses and outlines, the e-book presents attention-grabbing insights into the place and who the clients of English as a lingua franca are and what English then feels like on the degrees of phonetics, morphosyntax, the lexicon and discourse.
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Additional resources for Interactions across Englishes: Linguistic Choices in Local and International Contact Situations
Kiswahili Documents of the use of Kiswahili date back to the era of the Zenj empire (tenth to fifteenth centuries), but Kiswahili has probably been spoken along the East African coast since approximately AD 800 (Nurse and Spear 1985, Marten 2006). Kiswahili eventually grew as an international trade language along the East African coast when Swahili maritime traders increasingly dealt with Arabs from the thirteenth century onwards. Kiswahili developed various dialects. The ones associated with those coastal city-states that became powerful in the early Indian Ocean trade, Lamu, Pate, and Mombasa are documented in poetry, and this regional variation is still visible in the regional varieties which exist in these regions today.
Inscriptions found in the Philippines document its use as early as in the ninth century AD (Nothofer 2006: 450). It developed into a trade language of the Malay archipelago from the beginning of the Malacca Sultanate in 1402, being the native language of the kingdoms along the Straits of Malacca. Malacca emerged as an important commercial port when the spice trade developed and was visited by traders from China, the Indian subcontinent, Burma, and Arabicspeaking areas. There existed a high variety of Malay, employed in literature or for administrative-governmental and educational purposes, but the spread of Malay during the height of the spice trade also implied diverse forms of language contact and resulted in diverse varieties of Malay.
Have you got some books about @some @ clothes or @. 4 Yeah? Do you have eh some books? 5 Eva: Here ? 6 Sooki: Uhn. 24 From English as a lingua franca to IaEs 7 Eva: To Spain? ) No. 8 Sooki: No? ) Ok. ) a lot. But here [no]. ) 12 Eva: ( ) 13 Sooki: Uh. ) 14 You understand? ) It’s @. 3, which is an excerpt from a conversation between two chamber maids and an interviewer: Rebecca is black, Hettie a coloured South African woman, and Anja a German researcher. Although the two South African females both use second-language varieties of English which deviate visibly from the standardised varieties, this does not impede the interaction.
Interactions across Englishes: Linguistic Choices in Local and International Contact Situations by Christiane Meierkord