By ZhaoHong Han, Elaine Tarone
Few works within the box of moment language acquisition (SLA) can suffer a number of reads, yet Selinker's (1972) "Interlanguage" is a transparent exception. Written on the inception of the sector, this paper delineates a disciplinary scope; asks penetrating questions; advances bold hypotheses; and proposes a first-ever conceptual and empirical framework that keeps to stimulate SLA study. Sparked via a heightened curiosity during this founding textual content on its fortieth anniversary, 10 leaders of their respective fields of SLA learn jointly learn extrapolations of the seminal textual content for the prior, the current, and the way forward for SLA examine. This publication bargains a unprecedented source for rookies and specialists alike in and past the sector of SLA.
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Extra info for Interlanguage: Forty years later
Accordingly, predicting the non-occurrence of transfer can be as perilous as any a priori prediction of transfer (Odlin 2003: 454–457, 2006: 24–25). One complication in any attempt at prediction is the problem of bidirectionality. In Swedish indefinite articles precede nouns whereas definite articles follow them: thus, en flicka (a girl) but flickan (the girl). This difference in serial order does not seem to hinder Swedish speakers very much in their acquisition of English articles. However, it may well be that the difference of serial order could make acquiring L2 Swedish articles more difficult for speakers of English or speakers of Portuguese.
Rediscovering prediction and c. However, the logic of the predictions is still similar to the logic in the twelve already discussed. In (5x), Yucatec is the target language and the L1s are English (dissimilar to the target in the domain of classifiers) and Jacaltec (similar to the target). In (5y) the target is different and also one of the L1s (Vietnamese), and in (5z) the target is the same as in (5y) (Chinese) but one L1 (Jacaltec) is the same as in (5x), with the theoretical issue being whether speakers of a classifier language geographically and culturally far removed from the target can nevertheless capitalize on the structural similarity with their L1.
Gass, S. (1984). Workbook in Second Language Acquisition. Rowley, MA: Newbury House. , & Lakshmanan, U. (1992). Language transfer and fossilization: The ‘multiple effects principle’. In S. Gass & L. ), Language Transfer in Language Learning, 2nd ed. (pp. 47–70). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. , & Dumas, G. (1975). The interlanguage hypothesis extended to children. Language Learning, 25, 139–152. , & Truscott, J. (2005). Stages or continua in second language acquisition: A MOGUL solution. Applied Linguistics, 2, 219–240.
Interlanguage: Forty years later by ZhaoHong Han, Elaine Tarone