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By Carlos M. Pel Ez, C. Pelaez Carlos Manuel Pelaez

ISBN-10: 0230288952

ISBN-13: 9780230288959

ISBN-10: 1349545236

ISBN-13: 9781349545230

ISBN-10: 1403942943

ISBN-13: 9781403942944

ISBN-10: 1403996210

ISBN-13: 9781403996213

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The Middle East and China are only two of several such theaters where international politics heavily impact local procurement and mineral concession decisions. This then could create more strain on Europe's ties with the United States, and potentially more strain on the economic side of the relationship in future discussions of trade and technology across the Atlantic. The China question China's intense national ambition rapidly to become the dominant Asian power, its low wages and its undervalued currency have unleashed trends that threaten to turn that country into an engine of deflation in sectors of manufacturing.

Recently the latest boom in English property markets was noted with concern by the IMF, and is now the subject of close attention by the Bank of England. In property markets, as in much else, a great deal obviously depends upon the future trajectory of the US business cycle. Massive fiscal and monetary stimulus has been applied in the past several years, a need anticipated by President Bush's economic advisors as he came into office. This enormous economic stimulus has, however, also contributed to a massive increase in the US current account deficit and a dramatic weakening in the US dollar.

Three other issues deserving special attention are problems in the global exchange rate system, some aspects of the derivatives industry, and any underestimation of strain on public finances that could produce renewed inflation. Global exchange rates When floating exchange rates were adopted after the collapse of the Bretton Woods system, policymakers expected the new system to trigger automatic adjustments in the balance of payments. Reality proved more complicated. Some mercantilist countries endeavor to influence currency directions with interventions, dirty floats, fixed arrangements, and large-scale capital transfers of various kinds.

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International Financial Architecture: G7, IMF, BIS, Debtors and Creditors by Carlos M. Pel Ez, C. Pelaez Carlos Manuel Pelaez

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