By Edith A. Moravcsik
Language typology identifies similarities and variations between languages of the realm. This textbook presents an creation to the topic which assumes minimum previous wisdom of linguistics. It bargains the broadest assurance of any introductory ebook, together with sections on old switch, language acquisition, and language processing. scholars becomes acquainted with the topic by means of operating via a number of examples of crosslinguistic generalizations and variety in syntax, morphology, and phonology, in addition to vocabulary, writing structures, and signed languages. bankruptcy outlines and summaries, keywords, a thesaurus, and copious literature references support the reader comprehend and internalize what they've got learn, whereas actions on the finish of every bankruptcy strengthen key issues.
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- Possessors, Predicates and Movement in the Determiner Phrase
- Topics in Ellipsis
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Additional resources for Introducing Language Typology
Three of the major institutions that produce new knowledge about hitherto unknown or insufficiently described languages are the Research Centre for Language Typology at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia, the Language and Culture Research Centre at the Cairns Institute of James Cook University also in Australia, and the Summer Institute of Linguistics International (SIL). At the two Australian institutions, descriptive work focuses on – but is by no means restricted to – the Aboriginal languages of Australia.
47) In all languages that have prepositions and where the demonstrative follows the noun, the adjective also follows the noun. (Hawkins 1983: 71) At first blush, the structure of this statement seems to deviate from a normal implication since it mentions not two but three structural characteristics: prepositions, noun-before-demonstrative order, and noun-beforeadjective order. But notice that it still has the two basic terms: implicans and implicatum; it is just that the implicans consists of two conditions rather than one.
3 Data sources Here is again the general schema of language-typological statements: (53) (repeated from (50)) In all (or most) languages (where there is Y), there is also X. ” The other fundamental terms of this statement type are X and Y – the structural properties of languages whose distribution is at issue. The question is: given a language, what are sources of information for X and Y? The primary data for general linguistic research come from oral language. Ideally, typological studies, too, should be based on live data gathered orally from speakers.
Introducing Language Typology by Edith A. Moravcsik