By Alain C. Pierre (auth.)
TO SOL-GEL PROCESSING by means of Alain c. Pierre Universite Claude-Bemard-Lyon 1 ~. SPRINGER SCIENCE+BUSINESS MEDIA, LLC " ISBN 978-0-7923-8121-1 ISBN 978-1-4615-5659-6 (eBook) DOl 10. 1007/978-1-4615-5659-6 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication information A C. I. P. Catalogue list for this booklet is out there from the Library of Congress. Copyright© 1998 through Springer Science+Business Media big apple initially released via Kluwer educational Publishers in 1998 Softcover reprint of the hardcover 1st version 1998 moment Printing 2002. All rights reserved. No a part of this ebook should be reproduced, kept in a retrieval approach or transmitted in any shape or in any way, mechanical, photograph copying, recording, or another way, with out the past written permission of the writer, Springer technological know-how+ enterprise Media, LLC published on acid-free paper. This printing is a electronic duplication of the unique variation. To Marie-Claude David and Valerie Kaolinite gel community. From ok. Ma and A. Pierre - Unpublished photo. desk OF content material PREFACE ix 1 . basic creation 1 l. l - brief historical past 1 1. 2 - Sols, gels and gelation 2 1. three - define of sol-gel processing four 1. four - fresh advancements 6 1. five - merits and barriers of sol-gel processing 6 1. 6 - association of the e-book eight 1. 7 - References eight 2 ·THE CHEMISTRY OF PRECURSORS ideas eleven 2. 1 - creation eleven 2. 2 - Solvents 12 2. three - foundation of precursors differences in resolution 17 2. four - steel salts strategies 24 2.
Read Online or Download Introduction to Sol-Gel Processing PDF
Similar extraction & processing books
The aim of the Workshop used to be to assemble researchers and engineers operating in adsorption-related fields, to percentage wisdom at the most modern advances on adsorption tactics for environmental defense and safeguard, in addition to to cross-link and disseminate to the medical neighborhood the most effects and achievements of contemporary NATO Science-for-Peace (SfP) initiatives on environmental safety and safeguard.
Professional Periodical studies supply systematic and distinct evaluation insurance of development within the significant components of chemical study. Written by way of specialists of their expert fields the sequence creates a distinct carrier for the lively examine chemist, offering general serious in-depth money owed of growth specifically parts of chemistry.
Complex powder metallurgy (PM) approaches are on the fringe of fabrics engineering via their skill to supply parts having more desirable actual and mechanical houses, stiffness, low density, and better temperature functions. the variety of complicated fabrics is constantly being accelerated throughout the improvement of latest powder construction strategies, for instance to supply ultrafine and nanocrystalline powders.
Advances in Imaging & Electron Physics merges long-running serials-Advances in Electronics & Electron Physics and Advances in Optical & Electron Microscopy. The sequence positive aspects prolonged articles at the physics of electron units (especially semiconductor devices), particle optics at low and high energies, microlithography, photograph technology and electronic photo processing, electromagnetic wave propagation, electron microscopy, and the computing tools utilized in a lot of these domain names.
- Holography, Research and Technologies
- Excitonic and Photonic Processes in Materials
- Surface Preparation Techniques for Adhesive Bonding (Materials Science and Process Technology Series)
- Structural Materials and Processes in Transportation
- High temperature superconductor bulk materials: fundamentals- processing- properties control- application aspects
Additional resources for Introduction to Sol-Gel Processing
Bi2+), since they undergo extensive hydrolysis, A has a higher value. 4-3 - Relation between log Kl\ and the ratio charge to M-O distance, ~ for various cations. After Baes and Mesmer . Introduction to Sol-Gel Processing CONDENSATION POLYMERIZATION OF CATIONS IN 31 SOLUTION. Two mononuclear complexes of M. each comprising only one metal atom M. can react with one another in a polymerization reaction in order to form a polynuclear complex consisting of two metal atoms. Such a reaction. also called condensation.
After McMurry  .. 3-3 - Binding of a chelating ligand with a metal complex. An example of a bidentate chelating ligand: the acetylacetonato ion. After Shriver et aI. . 3-2 - Typical chelating ligands (2: bidentate, 3: tridentate, 4: tetradentate, 6: hexadentate). The coordinating atoms are in parenthesis. Adapted from Shriver and al. . Name Formula Acetylacetonato 2,2-Bipyridine [CH 3COCHCOCH31' ococ Chelating type 2(0) ~O bipy 2(N) NH(C 2H4NH 2 H2 NCH 2CH2NH2 CH3COCH 2COCH 2CH3 - ~~ r-'\.
4-20), an H+ cation attacks the oxygen atom of an hydroxo ligand belonging to the metal complex. 33 Introduction to Sol-Gel Processing H " &- 5+ 5- -----. 4-19) / H 'H " H ~OM_O_M / L-,,----I + 2H 20 + HO "oxo" bridge Hence, the newly fonned corresponding H20 ligand gains a positive partial charge, 5+, and moves toward another OH ligand. thus fonning an intennediate complex. The H30+ ion then leaves while the complex is now fonned of an "oxo" bridge. 4-21) is also possible when the coordination number of a metal can be increased as in [V04 P-.
Introduction to Sol-Gel Processing by Alain C. Pierre (auth.)