By Stanley Aronowitz
This can be the 1st variation yet there isn't even more within the moment variation of interest—at least in my opinion.
Sociologists Aronowitz and DiFazio contend that medical and technological advances have led to "too many employees for too few jobs, or even fewer of them are good paid." The authors continue to pose questions in regards to the influence this "progressive destruction of top quality, well-paid, everlasting jobs" can have at the which means of labor and its dating to the concept that of "self." Inexplicably, they salt this another way scholarly and well-researched paintings with distinctive motion picture plot traces and wordy quotations from disgruntled employees. Replete with such futuristic strategies as cybernetics, technoculture, deskilling, and informatics, this ebook is as well timed as today's headlines saying the newest around of layoffs and downsizing. The hyperbolic identify although, this is often an immense and thought-provoking paintings that may be of basic curiosity to economists, sociologists, enterprise leaders, and public policy-makers.
—Alan Farber, Northern Illinois Univ., DeKalb
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Extra resources for Jobless Future: Sci-Tech and the Dogma of Work
By the middle of the twentieth century, most key industries, while still ensconced in the mechanical mode of production, were already highly rationalized. The conveyor-driven as sembly line was only one of the methods of control. The fabrication of almost all major appliances, clothing, processed food, and machinery itself was organized according to the rules of detailed rationalization even when no conveyor belt was used. For example, a power press operator spent the entire shift stamping out a single sheet metal part of a television set, a sec tion of an auto body or of a washing machine.
16 A case in point is the transformation of the relatively "crude" division of labor in carriage production to the extreme rationalization of the Ford assembly line in the second decade of the twentieth century. Henry Ford was able to portray the introduction of the conveyor belt and the break down of assembly tasks to fine details as a function of "efficiency. "17 People debated whether goods made by such methods were equal or superior in quality to those made by the older craft methods, but there was virtually no debate about whether these commodities could be made at prices most working people could afford.
17 People debated whether goods made by such methods were equal or superior in quality to those made by the older craft methods, but there was virtually no debate about whether these commodities could be made at prices most working people could afford. Selling the idea of a car in every garage was one of the major rationales, and also the promise that, with the introduction of mass pro duction, one could purchase almost any product, even a house, from a Sears catalog. Fordism--including mass production, relatively high wages, and mass consumption through a liberal credit system-quickly became the 27 The New Knowledge Work American cultural ideal.
Jobless Future: Sci-Tech and the Dogma of Work by Stanley Aronowitz