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By Penelope Eckert

ISBN-10: 0521652839

ISBN-13: 9780521652834

ISBN-10: 0521654262

ISBN-13: 9780521654265

It is a new creation to the examine of the relation among gender and language use, written via of the best specialists within the box. It covers the most subject matters, starting with a transparent dialogue of gender and of the assets that the linguistic process deals for the development of social which means. The physique of the booklet bargains remarkable breadth and intensity in its insurance of the interplay among language and social existence. it's the excellent textbook for college students in language and gender classes in numerous disciplines, together with linguistics, gender reviews, women's reports, sociology, and anthropology.

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Extra resources for Language and Gender

Sample text

Where the child is the only representative of her or his own sex in the group) 18 percent of the time. While these figures show a good deal of mixing, the same-sex groups are far greater than random playmate selection would produce. And at age six and a half, children in the Maccoby and Jacklin study were playing in same-sex groups 67 percent of the time. Maccoby (1998, pp. 22--23) suggests that the choice of playmates in school is a strategy for ensuring safety and predictability in an open setting, as children seek out others with a recognizable play style.

But whatever the workings of biology may be, it is clear that this divergence is supported and exaggerated by the social system. As children get older, their play habits are monitored and differentiated, first by adults, and eventually by peers. Parents of small children have been shown to reward their children’s choice of gender-appropriate toys (trucks for boys, dolls for girls) (Langlois and Downs 1980). And while parents’ support of their children’s gendered behavior is not always and certainly not simply a conscious effort at gender socialization, their behavior is probably more powerful than they think.

Across societies, the gendered division of labor involves differential power and status. Men’s activities -- those that are guarded the most closely as men’s domain -- involve greater societal power, through the disposition of goods and services and the control of ritual. Males in most cultures have more access to positions of public power and influence than females. While women sometimes wield considerable influence in domestic settings or in other nonpublic domains, this influence is limited by the domain itself.

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Language and Gender by Penelope Eckert


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