By Carmen Llamas, Dominic Watt
This quantity deals a large survey of our present nation of information at the connections among variability in language use and the development, negotiation, upkeep and function of identities. Bringing jointly the services of individual overseas students in especially commissioned chapters, the publication offers a thematic reader and crucial source for complicated scholars and researchers in language and identification studies.Leading students consider:* Theoretical and methodological techniques to the research of language and identification* person identities* staff and group identities* nationwide and supra-local local identitiesDealing sequentially with either social and private identities at a variety of degrees, the chapters use unique empirical facts to demonstrate how the multi-layered, dynamic nature of identities is realised via linguistic behaviour. numerous chapters within the assortment specialize in contexts during which a heightened feel of id may be anticipated: instances within which identities might be disputed, altering, blurred, peripheral, or imposed. this kind of concentrate on advanced contexts permits clearer perception into the identity-making and -marking capabilities of language. the gathering methods those issues from various views, with contributions from sociolinguists, sociophoneticians, linguistic anthropologists, medical linguists and forensic linguists
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Additional info for Language and identities
5. The relationality principle The first three principles we have discussed focus on the emergent, positional and indexical aspects of identity and its production. Building on these points, the fourth principle emphasises identity as a relational phenomenon. In calling attention to relationality, we have two aims: first, to underscore the point that identities are never autonomous or independent but always acquire social meaning in relation to other available identity positions and other social actors; and second, to call into question the widespread but oversimplified view of identity relations as revolving around a single axis: sameness and diﬀerence.
Naturally, we alone are responsible for any remaining weaknesses. Notes 1. This chapter is an abbreviated and slightly revised version of Bucholtz and Hall (2005). Although due to space limitations we are unable to include data examples and comprehensive references, it is important to note that the theoretical framework we present here rests on the foundation of a wide range of empirical studies, the insights of which it builds upon. 2. The term sociolinguistics sometimes carries this referential range, but for many scholars it has a narrower reference.
My exposition of these concepts follows current thought in sociolinguistics and linguistic anthropology, and readers of this chapter should come to be able to use the terms the way many students of language and identity use them. However, I end the chapter, in section 5, with a critique of this way of thinking about meaning, suggesting that if we take the ideas of indexicality, reflexivity, metapragmatics and enregisterment seriously we should be drawn to a way of thinking about language that does not distinguish ‘social’ or ‘pragmatic’ meaning from meaning of any other sort.
Language and identities by Carmen Llamas, Dominic Watt