By Sarah G. Thomason
Language touch is in all places: many countries have multiple respectable language, and rather potentially most folk on the planet converse or extra languages. What occurs to varied peoples and to their languages once they come into touch? during this survey of the social, political and linguistic outcomes of language touch, Sarah G. Thomason specializes in what occurs to the languages themselves - occasionally not anything, occasionally new phrases input a language, occasionally new sounds and sentence constructions will unfold throughout many languages in a wide countryside; extra not often, fullyyt new languages come up in a touch scenario. Conversely, one of many languages involved might vanish solely, and problems with language endangerment and demise are explored right here, including chapters on multilingualism, pidgins and creoles, mechanisms of interference and the origins and result of contact-induced language switch. Accessibly written by way of a number one specialist within the box, this ebook is a perfect advent for starting scholars in any respect degrees, and an invaluable source for postgraduates, academics and educational linguists.Key gains * Accessibly written by means of a number one determine within the box * assets and additional interpreting supplied for every bankruptcy * international map exhibiting the positioning of the languages mentioned
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Additional resources for Language Contact
The New York Times, 9 December 1996) `An Islan d Afla m e: Tamil Sepa r atists, Back ed by In di ans, Tea ring Sri Lank a Apa rt ± [T]he Sinhalese majority and Tamil separatists, backed by 50 million Tamils in south India, are fighting again . . Origins of Tamil±Sinhalese friction are ancient, but they also have lived in harmony for centuries, even intermarried. Tamils are considered . . more successful and prosperous . . than the Sinhalese. But the contemporary troubles started in 1956 after the government declared a ``Sinhalese-only'' policy that made Sinhalese the only official language of government business .
Revitalization efforts devoted to Manx are described briefly in a chapter of George Broderick's 1999 book Language Death in the Isle of Man (I'm very grateful to Nancy Dorian for telling me about this book). There are numerous detailed studies of language maintenance and especially language shift. Three of the most widely cited of these are Gal 1979, Dorian 1981, and Hill and Hill 1986. The last two of these three books focus on language language death, shift in with the extensive particular discussion situations.
The least stable are probably those that arise through invasion and conquest accompanied by large-scale immigration: in such situations the languages of peoples overwhelmed by force and numbers are all too likely to vanish when their speakers either die (as a result of mass murder or devastating imported diseases) or shift from their own language to that of the invaders. Most of the Native languages of the United States have suffered, or will soon suffer, this fate; many or most of the Aboriginal languages of Australia have already been completely replaced by English or by an English-based creole language.
Language Contact by Sarah G. Thomason