By Nanette Gottlieb
Over the past thirty years, social advancements have happened that experience resulted in a necessity for switch in language coverage in Japan. One is the rise within the variety of migrants desiring possibilities to benefit jap as a moment language, the opposite is the impact of digital applied sciences at the approach jap is written. This e-book appears on the influence of those advancements on linguistic behaviour and language administration and coverage, and on the position of language ideology within the method they've been addressed. Immigration-induced demographic adjustments confront lengthy adored notions of nationwide monolingualism and technological advances in digital textual content creation have ended in textual practices with ramifications for script use and for literacy as a rule. The ebook may be welcomed by way of researchers and execs in language coverage and administration and through these operating in eastern reports.
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Extra resources for Language Policy in Japan: The Challenge of Change
15 per cent), Taiwan (c. 4 per cent), Vietnam (c. 3 per cent) and Malaysia (c. 2 per cent) (JASSO 2009). Many seek leave to work while studying in Japan and are sometimes exploited by unscrupulous employers. Particularly notable is the already mentioned large group of migrants of Japanese descent (nikkeijin) from Brazil and to a lesser extent Peru and other South American countries who flocked to Japan in search of work following the 1990 revision of the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act which eased entry requirements for this group in order to meet the labour force requirements of Japanese industry, effectively permitting a select category of migrants to work as unskilled workers in a country where the entry of unskilled migrant labour is in theory not permitted.
If immigration numbers continue to rise, as Japan’s Third Basic Plan for Immigration Control (2005) indicates will happen, the demographic mix will change markedly over time: a United Nations population projection scenario posits that Japan would need 17 million net immigrants up to the year 2050 to keep the population at its 2005 level; by 2050, these immigrants and their descendants would comprise nearly a fifth of the total population (United Nations Population Division 2001). Such scenarios are of course mere projections, open to modification by any number of emerging factors, not least Japan’s reluctance to loosen up its immigration policy.
Corporate policies on English-language proficiency are linked to profits; media policies on discriminatory language have resulted from the activism of marginalised groups. In every case, context has shaped content, and it is easy to find examples of complicity and complementarity, particularly in the earlier discussed argument that Japan’s policies promoting the teaching of English as an International Language are as much about cultural nationalism as they are about internationalisation. There is certainly no lack of continuity between the overarching cultural construction of language, in this case written language, shown in earlier twentieth-century kanji policies and 2010’s latest version of those lists.
Language Policy in Japan: The Challenge of Change by Nanette Gottlieb