By Marianne Hundt
The past due sleek interval is the 1st within the historical past of English for which an unparalleled wealth of textual fabric exists. utilizing more and more subtle databases, the contributions during this quantity discover grammatical utilization from the interval, particularly morphological and syntactic switch, in a vast context. a few chapters discover the socio-historical historical past of the interval whereas others offer info on prescriptivism, newspaper language, language touch, and nearby version in British and American English. inner procedures of switch are mentioned opposed to grammaticalisation conception and building grammar and the wealthy physique of textual proof is used to attract inferences at the specific nature of old switch. Exposing readers to a wealth of information that informs the outline of a vast diversity of syntactic phenomena, this publication is perfect for graduate scholars and researchers drawn to old linguistics, corpus linguistics and language improvement.
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Additional resources for Late Modern English Syntax
McCafferty’s corpus data show that, while IrE follows the general trend towards a greater use of the h av e -perfect, it is lagging somewhat behind BrE and AmE in the Late Modern period. b e -perfects in IrE are still used with a larger variety of verbs than in the reference varieties and even extended to transitives during this period. e. particularly in areas with prolonged language contact between Irish and English, McCafferty puts forward arguments for Irish influence on the emergence of b e -perfects with transitives during LModE.
1994) on the basis of 194 verbs (although many occur only very marginally), as Figure. 1 above illustrates. I have extended Kytö’s investigation to cover the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in written American English and turned to the Corpus of Historical American English (COHA) to do so (see Davies 2012 for an introduction). Initially I searched all lexemes that were still variable in LModE in Kytö’s data. n*]) is relatively restrictive, as it only returns occurrences of the be -perfect where the participle directly follows the auxiliary.
2. Evening was come when we reached the summit of the mountain. 3. He is possessed of a large number of farms. 4. The disputants were agreed on that. 5. The hour for adjournment is arrived. (Harvey 1868: 203) It is worth noting here that the author mixes his examples (only examples 1, 2 and 5 are examples of the b e -perfect), and that he neither provides a definition (beyond the heading ‘improper passive forms’), nor does he give any indications of how to correct the forms. By the 1860s in America, the criticism of the b e -perfect must have been common enough to make a passage like this one self-evident.
Late Modern English Syntax by Marianne Hundt