By Wolfgang U. Dressler, Willi Mayerthaler, Oswald Panagl, Wolfgang Ullrich Wurzel
Traditional Morphology is the time period the 4 authors of this monograph agreed directly to conceal the leitmotifs in their universal and person ways in questions of theoretical morphology. The advent summarizes the fundamental thoughts and methods of normal Morphology, to be by means of Mayerthaler who offers with common houses of inflectional morphology, and Wurzel with typological ones which depend upon language particular houses of inflectional platforms, and Dressler with common and typological homes of notice formation. the ultimate bankruptcy via Panagl is an indepth learn of diachronic proof for productiveness in note formation and for the overlap of observe formation with inflectional morphology.
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Extra resources for Leitmotifs in Natural Morphology
Its logical properties will be defined later. According to ii) we speak of 'naturalness and/or markedness relations'. (iii) The following equivalences hold: a) 'unmarked' = 'natural (with respect to UG)' b) 'marked' = 'unnatural ( „ „ „ „)' c) 'less marked' = 'more natural' and 'more marked' = 'less nat ural'. For 'more/less marked' we will use the symbols 'm' and 'm'. T. g. Kean, 1975, 1979; Belletti et al. 1979). T. sense of this term), but it is gradient (not a binary thing as in Chomsky and Halle, 1968 and related approaches; 1 an evaluative relation, then — not a descriptive predicate of grammar theoretical language as in Chomsky and Halle 1968, and EST).
In the case of the coordinate NUNC the opposite is the case: most speakers live (prefe- SYSTEM-INDEPENDENT MORPHOLOGICAL NATURALNESS 41 rentially) NOW and so +NUNC is less marked than -NUNC. (Another case in point here would be inflectional tense systems, cf. Bybee 1985:155ff). (e) The brain of the prototypical speaker 'knows' a lot of neural tricks that guarantee constancy of perceived objects and this explains why stative nouns are less marked than non-stative nouns. In other words, the more accessible any given entity X is to the human sensorium and the more it resembles other non-biological properties of the speaker, the less marked it will be.
1. Summary of symbolic generalizations 1. System-independent markedness System-independent markedness is a function both of (UG-based) sem- and sym-relations: m = f(sem-relation, sym-relation) 2. 1. ) "Category C. is semantically less marked than category Cj (relative to pro totypical properties of the speaker)". 2. ) "(For a given category C) encodingi is less marked than encodingj (relative to system-independent encoding principles)". 3. Interpretation functions: fl: If the encoding of a category C is unmarked, then the pair (C, encod ing of C) is unmarked.
Leitmotifs in Natural Morphology by Wolfgang U. Dressler, Willi Mayerthaler, Oswald Panagl, Wolfgang Ullrich Wurzel