By Kunihiko Kaneko
This booklet examines existence no longer from the reductionist perspective, yet really asks the questions: what are the common homes of residing platforms, and the way can one build from there a phenomenological thought of existence that leads certainly to advanced tactics comparable to reproductive mobile structures, evolution and differentiation? The presentation is comparatively non-technical to entice a extensive spectrum of scholars and researchers.
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Additional info for Life: An Introduction to Complex Systems Biology (Understanding Complex Systems)
Rather, we must investigate how the properties of the individual components are related to the whole and the manner in which these properties are determined through these relations. To capture the spirit of this approach in a single expression, what we seek is a methodology to understand the complementarity relation between the whole and the parts (see Fig. 7). 12 Universal Properties That Cannot Be Traced Back to Molecules As we have discussed, it is evident that living systems possess universal properties that cannot be expressed simply in terms of combinations of properties of individual genes or molecules.
17 Cell−cell interaction leads to differentiation into distinct types of cells. Fig. 3. Schematic depiction of an assembly of equivalent cells. Initially the cells are all of the same type, but through the interactions among cells, they diﬀerentiate into two types such a mechanism the developmental process could indeed proceed as a logical if–then computation. This might be true to some extent. However, such an error correction program too would have to be based on chemical reactions, and, here again, the number of molecules involved in these reactions could not be large.
It must be remembered that the theory of statistical mechanics was developed after (macroscopic) thermodynamics, and it was constructed by studying consistency of microscopic dynamics with thermodynamics. 5 In general, a knowledge of microscopic behavior does not necessarily allow us to automatically derive macroscopic behavior. One clear example of this is that despite the fact that thermodynamics provides an understanding and quantitative description of the irreversibility for a transition between equilibrium states, within statistical mechanics, such theory of irreversibility has not yet been completely established.
Life: An Introduction to Complex Systems Biology (Understanding Complex Systems) by Kunihiko Kaneko