By John McH. Sinclair, Anna Mauranen
Humans have a average propensity to appreciate language textual content as a succession of smallish chunks, whether or not they are analyzing, writing, conversing or listening. Linguists have came upon that this propensity can make clear the character and constitution of language, and there are numerous reports which try to harness the potential for average chunking.This publication explores the position of chunking within the description of discourse, particularly spoken discourse. it seems that chunking deals a legitimate yet versatile platform on which are outfitted a descriptive version that's extra open and entire than extra standard methods to structural description. The version is still linear, in that it avoids hierarchies, and it concentrates at the combinatorial styles of text.
The linear strategy seems to have many merits, bringing jointly less than one descriptive procedure a wide selection of alternative sorts of speech and writing. it's complementary to tested grammars, however it increases pertinent questions on a lot of their assumptions.
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Extra info for Linear Unit Grammar: Integrating speech and writing (Studies in Corpus Linguistics)
The next word is W7, you again and W8 is have. This begins to look like the kind of structure that we have been waiting for, and W9, to, and W10, go are sufficient to clinch the issue. We assign W5 W6 to chunk B, noting that this is a different kind of chunk than any we have had before — a little like because and but, but independent of the surrounding structures, a valid structure in its own right, and contribut- 19 20 Linear Unit Grammar ing to the management of the interaction. ” In the first (invented) example what the speaker avers is known is the clause that follows, while in the second it is quite likely that his being angry is news to the listener, and the phrase “you know” is of a slightly sinister nature, suggesting unfortunate consequences of his being angry.
Much of the “lookback” principle deals with varieties of anaphora, it but includes the perception that a stretch of text recalls a previous stretch of text in a quasi-parallel structure; in this area it combines with the “listing” principle. The “disambiguation” principle, which excludes unwanted readings, is only required occasionally in actual practice. Beaugrande reminds us that strict linearity is too rigid a model for the produc- Chapter 2. Background tion and reception of speech and writing.
This shape of model is potentially attractive to us because, in the chunking and the progressive reduction of uncertainty it has features in common with the natural strategies of people conversing or reading. The major difference is that Abney takes for granted the existence of suitable formal grammars (although “toy” ones at the time he was writing), whereas we are facing a less regulated situation. Also, we are not on this occasion aiming at the design of a formal grammar or parser, because we are expanding the range of material that is normally described.
Linear Unit Grammar: Integrating speech and writing (Studies in Corpus Linguistics) by John McH. Sinclair, Anna Mauranen