By Carsten Tschierske (auth.), Carsten Tschierske (eds.)
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Additional info for Liquid Crystals: Materials Design and Self-assembly
12 Selected examples of taper shaped crown ethers and polyethers with three fluorinated chains (T/ C); data refer to compounds 30, 32 and 34 [132–135] compounds (Fig. 15b). This indicates that in mixed systems the effect of the individual molecules is averaged and the “mean field” of the system as a whole determines the morphology of the self-assembled superstructure. Whereas the mesophase morphologies of compounds 35–37 depend on the size ratio of polar and apolar segments, the mesophase stabilities are mainly influenced Fluorinated Liquid Crystals: Design of Soft Nanostructures 27 Fig.
Whereas the hydrogen bonded complexes 124a,b and 125 with linear RF-chains have very high melting temperatures , much lower melting points were obtained with the complexes 126–131 comprising branched RF-chains (Fig. 34) . It is clear that the bis(perfluoropropylene oxide) chains are the most bulky RF-groups in this series of compounds which leads to a bicontinuous cubic phase with Ia3d symmetry and a columnar phase for the bipyridine complex 130. However, the benzoic acid dimers 126 and 128, having the same bulky RF-groups as 130, do not form cubic and columnar phases.
7 observed for these benzoic acids. Related types of LC structures have been discussed for other partly fluorinated 4-alkoxybenzoic acids , and succinimidyl benzoates 24 . In Fig. 10 the effect of increasing polarity of the substituent at the aromatic ring is shown, also including strongly polar hydrogen bonding groups, such as hydrazides (25) , diols (26)  and carbohydrates (27, 28) [123, 124]. The strong stabilization of the LC phases from 25 to 27 is due to the increasing CED as the number of hydrogen bonding between the polar groups grows.
Liquid Crystals: Materials Design and Self-assembly by Carsten Tschierske (auth.), Carsten Tschierske (eds.)