By Andrea Calabrese, Leo Wetzels (Eds.)
For plenty of various purposes, audio system borrow phrases from different languages to fill gaps of their personal lexical stock. The prior ten years were characterised through an exceptional curiosity between phonologists within the factor of ways the nativization of loanwords happens. the final feeling is that loanword nativization offers an instantaneous window for staring at how acoustic cues are labeled when it comes to the special good points proper to the L1 phonological approach in addition to for learning L1 phonological strategies in motion and hence to the genuine synchronic phonology of L1. the gathering of essays offered during this quantity presents an summary of the advanced concerns phonologists face whilst investigating this phenomenon and, extra often, the ways that surprising sounds and sound sequences are tailored to converge with the local language’s sound development. This ebook is of curiosity to theoretical phonologists in addition to to linguists drawn to language touch phenomena.
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Extra resources for Loan Phonology
4â•… What is perception? Not all readers will instantly accept our view (shared by Y. Kang 2003, Kabak & Idsardi 2007 and H. Kim this volume) that perception can introduce a vowel, as inÂ€(10), (11), (12), (13) and (15). However, precisely such perceptual vowel insertion has been proposed several times before. /. Polivanov attributes these perceptions to Japanese structural constraints against coda consonants and against complex clusters, respectively; indeed, a formulation in terms of an interaction between structural and cue constraints in OT, analogous to Tableaus (12) and (15), is possible and has been carried out in detail by Boersma (2007b:10–14).
For instance, the first candidate row in (7) just states that two auditory cues contained in the sound [Â€_tho´] (namely moderately strong noise and raised F0) militate against perceiving this sound as the phonological structure /to/ (which contains the feature values /−asp/ and /−tense/). The constraint set in (6) and (7) is still a bit too coarse-grained. In real life, auditory events can take on continuous values along multi-dimensional auditory continua, so a full set of cue constraints needed to describe a language requires more auditory values than are displayed in the constraints of (6) and (7).
G. / (or [Â€_d®Œ®¡pÐ_ F ph˜G]; Kang makes no difference between phonetic and surface form). As a result, Kang states that a faithfulness constraint like Max[release] has to outrank Depâ•‚V. There are two problems with this proposal. First, it is usual in phonology to regard underlying forms as economical representations without phonetic detail. Second, it contains a contradiction: although Kang explicitly states that vowel insertion takes place in perception (as we acknowledged throughout §3 and §4), her proposed underlying forms do not contain any inserted vowels.
Loan Phonology by Andrea Calabrese, Leo Wetzels (Eds.)