By Gerald Vinten (editor)
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Extra resources for Managerial Auditing Journal - Vol 20 No. 1 2005: Auditing standards and perceptions
Managerial Auditing Journal Vol. 20 No. 1, 2005 pp. 1108/02686900510570678 Continuous and discrete cash flows and discounts When evaluating the present value of cash flow, two considerations are important. These are the type of cash flows and the method of discounting. Cash flows may be continuous over time or it may occur at discrete instances in time. Likewise, discounting may be continuous throughout a given period or occur at discrete intervals. Combining these two considerations, the present value analysis of cash flows may then be divided into four categories: (1) (2) (3) (4) Investment appraisal Discrete cash flows with discrete discounting.
Among these studies are Grant and Ireson (1960), De La Mare (1975), Levy and Sarnat (1978), Wilkes (1983), and Ismail (1994) who applied the integration method, Remer et al. (1984) who used numerical methods, and Buck and Hill (1971) who applied the Laplace transformation method. Table I shows the mathematical formulae used in previous studies to compute present value of continuous cash flows. In addition to not providing new insight, Pogue’s model fallaciously uses continuous discounting in the belief that it represents continuous cash flows.
And Sarnat, M. (1978), Capital Investments and Financial Decisions, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ. Pogue, M. (2004), “Investment appraisal: a new approach”, Managerial Auditing Journal, Vol. 19 No. 4, pp. 565-9. Remer, D. et al. (1984), “The state-of-the-art of present worth analysis of cash flow distribution”, Engineering Costs and Production Economics, Vol. 7 No. 4, pp. 257-78. M. (1983), Capital Budgeting Techniques, Wiley, Chichester. htm Auditing standards in Poland: past, present and future Richard G.
Managerial Auditing Journal - Vol 20 No. 1 2005: Auditing standards and perceptions by Gerald Vinten (editor)