By Henning Bergenholtz, Sven Tarp
From 1990–1994 the Danish examine Council for the arts granted a examine venture entitled “translation of LSP texts”, which used to be before everything cut up up into 5 part-projects, one in every of which has been focused on LSP lexicography.
The guide of specialized Lexicography is without doubt one of the result of the study undertaken via this venture. the first function of the guide is to give a contribution in the direction of a far better foundation for sensible specialized lexicography, which has thus far had yet a small percentage within the explosive improvement that has taken position in general-language lexicography because the early Seventies. One implication of this is often that basically to a restricted volume has it been attainable to construct upon present findings.
The handbook therefore has the twofold goal of providing tips and path to authors of specialized dictionaries in addition to contributing in the direction of the extra improvement of lexicographical theories.
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Additional info for Manual of Specialised Lexicography: The preparation of specialised dictionaries
3). Today, this is the exception rather than the rule. )) — incite; jemanden zu einer Straftat ~; jemanden ~, eine Straftat zu begehen — incite someone to commit a crime Anwendung f. application; ~ finden auf (+ A) — apply to In this example information on typical prepositional phrases, valency and case is provided. In the same way, specialised dictionaries intended for translation from the foreign language into the native language should provide, in addition to relevant collocations, a minimum of grammatical information on the native language, especially in uncertain cases, thus enabling non-expert users to make correct native-language text production.
Each record constitutes a unique combination of values for these information types. Thus, two records cannot be identical. The successive ordering of both records and fields is insignificant. The database outlined here implies a considerable amount of redundancy, however, meaning that the same information item is stored in more than one place. Thus, the information that Platte is feminine and can be translated into plade will be stored in two places. Redundancy should be avoided, not only because it saves space to store the information only once, but particularly to avoid inconsistency.
When the set of characters has been determined, the next step is to decide which text-internal features in the original texts should be represented in the corpus: paging; columns, if any; headlines; display type; tables and diagrams, etc. As in all other cases, the decision depends on the intended use of the cor pus, but as a general rule the inclusion of only absolutely necessary text-inter nal features can be recommended. Since all program-specific codes for special typefaces, highlights, etc.
Manual of Specialised Lexicography: The preparation of specialised dictionaries by Henning Bergenholtz, Sven Tarp