By Achilleas Hadjikyriacou
Between the top of the Civil warfare (1949) and the colonels' army coup (1967) Greece underwent great political, fiscal, and social variations which stimulated gender identities and kinfolk. in the course of a similar interval, Greece additionally witnessed an exceptional bloom in cinema productions. according to the lately validated paradigm that cinema and pop culture seen as social associations can tell a historic examine, Masculinity and Gender in Greek Cinema explores the connection among Greek cinema and the society in which it was once created and considered.
The book's double analytical standpoint on cinema and masculinity advances either the examine of cinema and pop culture as ancient assets, and of masculinity and gender family members as legitimate different types of ancient research. Cinema as a medium of illustration, not just controlled to contemplate those matters, it additionally supplied a complete new box for his or her interpretation. this can be the 1st examine to discover the dramatic transformation of masculinity and gender roles, as represented in Greek cinema throughout the turbulent Fifties and 1960s.
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Extra info for Masculinity and Gender in Greek Cinema: 1949-1967
These issues are virtually absent from the agenda of the ethnographers – at least until the mid-1980s – who tended to draw upon a hegemonic model of Greek rural society. In this way, anthropologists did not give voice to the weaker parts of rural societies which were likely to have remained mute within such a powerful patriarchal model. 55 A further important point is that anthropologists, when analysing gender, did not equally emphasize on male and female roles. The description of Greek culture as a male-dominated phenomenon left women in the position of being described merely as ‘mute objects’.
This is also evident in terms of sexual morality. Virginity before marriage remained a normative social value, but it was also the case that fashionable clothes appearing even in villages by the mid-1960s, started to reveal female sexuality in contrast with the traditional clothing which fully covered it. But with the acceptance of the attraction of the male gaze, it was more difficult for moral criteria to maintain their sharpness. 83 Especially during the 1960s, we can talk about a less antithetical consumer ideology between the residents of rural and urban areas.
Numerous factors can be said to have contributed to these shortcomings. Some are intrinsic to the discipline of anthropology, such as the difficulty to fully describe the complexity solely through field observation, or the inability of the ethnographer to observe private places. However, there are also other factors which can help explain why the anthropological accounts of this period present the picture that they do. First, anthropologists were at the time fascinated by the study of isolated rural communities which allowed them to reaffirm their assumptions of ‘exotic’ social norms.
Masculinity and Gender in Greek Cinema: 1949-1967 by Achilleas Hadjikyriacou