By Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
Measuring Innovation: a brand new standpoint provides new measures and new methods of taking a look at conventional signs. It builds on 50 years of indicator improvement via OECD and is going past R&D to explain the wider context during which innovation happens. It contains a few experimental signs that supply perception into new parts of coverage curiosity. It highlights dimension gaps and proposes instructions for advancing the size schedule. This book starts off through describing innovation today. It seems at what's riding innovation in companies, and the way the medical and study panorama is being reconfigured through convergence, interdisciplinarity and the hot geography of innovation sizzling spots. It provides broader measures of innovation, for instance utilizing new signs of funding in intangible resources and trademarks. Human capital is the elemental enter of innovation, and a chain of symptoms seems at how good schooling structures are contributing to the data and learn bases. additional sequence learn how enterprises remodel abilities and data, and make clear the various roles of private and non-private funding in fostering innovation and reaping its rewards, with concrete examples from significant worldwide demanding situations akin to health and wellbeing and weather swap. Measuring Innovation is an important step in the direction of evidence-based innovation coverage making. It enhances conventional positioning-type symptoms with ones that exhibit how innovation is, or may be, associated with policy. It additionally recognises that rather more is still performed, and issues to the measurement demanding situations statisticians, researchers and coverage makers alike have to deal with. This e-book contains StatLinks below every one statistical graph and table.The StatLink offers acces to an Excel?® dossier containing the underlying statistical data.Table of content material :ForewordAcronyms, kingdom Groupings and AbbreviationsTowards a dimension schedule for InnovationChapter 1. Innovation Today-Sources of growth-New resources of growth-Intangible assets-Innovation past R&D-Protection of innovation-Trademarks-Mixed modes of innovation-Collaboration in innovation-Mapping sizzling learn areas-Multidisciplinary and intedisciplinary research-New avid gamers in research-Scientific collaboration-Clusters of knowledge-Innovation hotspots-Science for environmental innovation-Technological innovation for weather change-Transfers of enviornmental technologiesChapter 2. Empowering humans to Innovation-Basic clinical skills-Tertiary education-Doctorate holders-Skills mismatch-International mobility-Entrepreneurial talent-Gap web page - leading edge office and talents for innovation-Consumers' call for for innovationChapter three. Unleashing Innovation in Firms-Entry and exit-Mobilising deepest funding-Policy environment-Young and leading edge firmsChapter four. making an investment in Innovation-Firms making an investment in R&D-Firms making an investment in innovation-Government investment R&D-Higher schooling and simple research-Information and communique technologies-Firms and shrewdpermanent infrastructure-Governments and clever infrastructure-Gap web page - Measuring innovation within the public sector-Gap web page - Mulilevel governance of innovationChapter five. Reaping Returns from Innovation-Scientific collaboration-Science and linkages-Knowledge clusters-Commercialisation-Knowledge circulationChapter 6. Addressing worldwide Challenges-Health-Climate change-Other environmental challengesList of figuresData assets
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Extra resources for Measuring Innovation: A New Perspective
This classification – which, for European countries, is largely consistent with the Eurostat classification – facilitates comparability between regions at the same territorial level. Source: REGPAT Database, January 2010; OECD, Regional Database, July 2009. 32 MEASURING INNOVATION: A NEW PERSPECTIVE © OECD 2010 Clusters of knowledge – INNOVATION TODAY • 1 Patents per million inhabitants, North America, average 2005-07 PCT filings, TL3 regions More than 250 Between 100 and 250 Between 50 and 100 Between 0 and 50 Source: OECD, REGPAT Database, January 2010; OECD, Regional Database, July 2009.
The regional breakdown used is based on OECD’s Territorial Level 2. Trends in technological innovation for climate change mitigation, 1978-2006 • Patents in technologies relating to climate change mitigation were identified using search algorithms developed by the OECD and the EPO. See OECD (2009), “Environmental policy framework conditions, innovation and technology transfer”, ENV/EPOC/WPNEP(2009)2/FINAL for the methodology. • Annex I Kyoto Protocol signatories: Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, the European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, the Russian Federation, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Coherent and efficient migration regimes help making the most of brain circulation. International students, 2007 Did you know? As a percentage of all tertiary enrolments More than 65% of foreign tertiary students in the United States come from Asia. ) Australia United Kingdom One way for students to expand their knowledge of cultures and languages, and better equip themselves in an increasingly globalised labour market, is to pursue their higher-level education in countries other than their own.
Measuring Innovation: A New Perspective by Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development