By R. Bibb
Supplying a resource of knowledge on the subject of the technological demanding situations and ideas encountered within the exact catch of anatomical facts, this e-book covers computer-aided options and actual replication as utilized in quite a few clinical disciplines. clinical Modelling comprehensively stories the cutting-edge within the program of complicated layout and improvement applied sciences in medication. it is also a reference resource of peer-reviewed case reviews describing the sensible program of anatomical scanning, computer-aided layout (CAD), fast prototyping (RP), and computer-aided production (CAM) options in a wide diversity of study, clinical, and surgical purposes.
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Additional info for Medical Modelling The Application of Advanced Design and Development Techniques in Medicine
These images are usually prepared from the scan data by the radiographer according to instructions from doctors and surgeons, and they may be from the slices taken through the body or three-dimensional reconstructions. Often these images are printed on film and treated in much the same way as X-ray films. As medical scan data images are made up of pixels, the images can be exported in familiar computer graphics formats such as bit maps or JPEGs. 5 Pseudo three-dimensional formats Data can be exported in formats that allow three-dimensional operations to be undertaken without being true three-dimensional forms.
By selecting upper and lower grey scale values, specific tissue types can be selected. These levels are typically referred to as thresholds. On importing a new data set, Mimics displays the images using a default threshold for bone, which is shown in green (see Fig. 8 in the colour section). Selecting the desired tissue type is accomplished by varying the upper and lower thresholds until the required tissue type is isolated. This process is usually referred to as segmentation. Once the desired tissue type, in this case bone, has been segmented, it may be necessary to limit the selected data to one particular structure.
It is, therefore, important that the radiographer knows precisely which tissue type is being targeted before conducting the scans. Due to the strong magnetic fields encountered during MR, the presence of metal may cause problems. 13 A typical MR image through the abdomen. have attached or implanted devices that may be adversely affected. As with CT scanning, movement will lead to distorted images, and babies, small children and claustrophobic patients may require sedation or anaesthesia. MR scanners also generate an enormous amount of noise, which even with ear protection is not pleasant for the patient.
Medical Modelling The Application of Advanced Design and Development Techniques in Medicine by R. Bibb