By Peter Newmark
Peter Newmark's 5th ebook on translation keeps his sequence of articles within the Linguist. he's as a lot excited about the trivia of translation — capitalisation, sq. brackets, dashes — as with its perennial significant concerns: fact, attractiveness, morality, good judgment, language convergence, linguistic changes and tradition. New occupations and applied sciences throw up a corresponding new variety of translation issues and, back, a lot of translation examples in a few languages fit those themes.
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You have to look for possible generalisations, and when you find them, quote or invent further examples drawn from your generalisation. 6. It is ironical that while you continually insist on the importance of writing the target language well, and attack the mistrust of 'literature' and its style, you avoid literary language, the faded words of a previous period (a misquotation from T. S. Eliot), the refined, genteel register of: bring to the fore, beget, wonder, odour, crave, (unless used technically), bound for, destined for, comely.
How do so many foreign languages carry on without distinguishing 'politics' from 'policy'? ). 6. The use of pronouns, where the reader cannot be sure of their referents. This ambiguity is more common in English than in languages that have two or three genders for inanimate nouns. For translation into English, it is quite common to replace the pronoun with a (repeated) noun. 7. g. '). 8. g. ' Il a besoin d'amis plus convenables; il a besoin de plus d'amis qui lui conviennent). In long sentences, the sentence should be rewritten, not merely repunctuated.
Peter Szondi writes a subtle and disputable analysis of Celan's translation of Shakespeare's Sonnet, 'Let not my love be called idolatry' . . I could have done without the Derrida, but then I would, wouldn't I. The Lost Transposition 'Abstract noun plus de/di/von plus abstract noun becomes adjective plus abstract noun' is the one not uncommon transposition which Vinay and Darbelnet, but not W. Friederich (the excellent Die Technik des Ubersetzens) forgot. I suspect it occasionally works for any language pair, and can be applied flexibly according to context.
More paragraphs on translation by Peter Newmark