By Daniel Siddiqi, Heidi Harley
The sphere of morphology is especially heterogeneous. Investigators fluctuate on key issues at each point of idea. those divisions usually are not minor matters approximately technical implementation, yet relatively are foundational matters that mould the underlying anatomy of any idea. the sector has built very speedily either theoretically and methodologically, giving upward push to many competing theories and sundry hypotheses. Many tremendously assorted and sometimes contradictory types and foundational hypotheses were proposed. Theories diverge with admire to every little thing from foundational architectural assumptions to the categorical combinatorial mechanisms used to derive complicated phrases. at the present time those particular versions of word-formation mostly exist in parallel, often with no proponents confronting or discussing those adjustments in any significant discussion board. After 40 years of fast moving development within the box, morphologists are short of a second to take a breath and survey the vastly various issues of view in the box. This quantity offers the sort of second.
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Kennedy, Christopher & McNally, Louise. 2005. Scale structure, degree modification, and the semantics of gradable predicates. Language 81: 345–381. , Xelimskij, Evgenij A. & Gruškina, Elena V. 1980. Očerki po sel’kupskomu jazyku. Moscow: Izd. moskovskogo universiteta. Lewis, Geoffrey L. 1967. Turkish Grammar. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Maiden, Martin. 1992. Irregularity as a determinant of morphological change. Journal of Linguistics 28: 285–312. 1017/S0022226700015231 Maiden, Martin. 2005. Morphological autonomy and diachrony.
But other cases are less clear. For instance, what is the category of interstate, under-arm, post-war in interstate highway, under-arm throw, post-war economy? How are words related? a transpositional lexeme, distinct from the base verb lexeme in its FORM and SYN properties but with the same SEM representation. If we agree that the adjective is also a distinct lexeme then it has a distinct LI, too. It could be argued, however, that the semantics of a qualitative adjective such as interesting differs at least minimally from that of a verb, in that the adjective must, apparently, include some component of degree for the degree modifier to modify (cf the d function of Kennedy & McNally 2005).
It is paradigm-based in that its definitions make essential reference to paradigms, conceived of as sets of cells (pairings of a lexical element with a set of grammatical properties). It is inferential (as opposed to lexical)4 in that it associates inflectional markings with the content that they express, not in the lexicon, but in rules that regulate the inference of complex words and stems from more basic stems.
Morphological Metatheory by Daniel Siddiqi, Heidi Harley