By Liz and John Soars
Discover the recent documentary-style movies from Headway Fourth version with this new DVD and Worksheets pack. The video content material is designed to consolidate grammatical, practical and lexical parts coated within the similar Student's Books (Beginner to Intermediate), and to advance listening comprehension abilities.
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Extra info for New Headway Elementary, Pre-Intermediate
1 Vowels: their symbols and properties Conventionally, the first division in speech sounds is made between vowels and consonants. Symbols for vowels will be considered first, because there are fewer vowels than consonants. American English has a fairly rich vowel inventory, so we can illustrate most of the vowel symbols with English words. (1) Symbol i ι or I e ε a ɔ o υ or U u ə English equivalent beat [biyt] bit [bιt] bait [beyt] bet [bεt] bat [b t] cot [kat] caught [kɔt] coat [kowt] could [kυd] cooed [kuwd] cud [k d] (unstressed vowel in) ‘array’ [əréy] The glides y and w in the transcription of tense vowels in English reflect the phonetic diphthongal quality of these vowels, which is especially evident when one compares the pronunciation of English say and Spanish se.
It is generally agreed that in English, the words spring, sixths and Mike have one syllable, and osprey, happy and allow have two. The syllable is made up of a contiguous sequence of segments, so the main issue regarding syllables is where the syllable begins and ends. ]. ]. However, in dealing with words having certain clusters of consonants or certain stress patterns, the question becomes more complicated. ] as transcriptions for the word happy. Determining syllable boundaries is thus not trivial.
In order to make a pharyngeal nasal, it would be necessary to make a complete constriction at the pharynx. But since the pharynx lies below the velum, no air can flow through the nasal passages if the pharynx is totally constricted. e. the consonant [ʕ would not be a physical impossibility, since that consonant does not require complete constriction of the pharynx. In other cases, the gap indicates that no such sound has been found, but there is no immutable physical reason for such a sound not to exist.
New Headway Elementary, Pre-Intermediate by Liz and John Soars