By Katie Wales
English as spoken within the north of britain has a wealthy social and cultural background; but it has usually been overlooked through ancient linguists, whose examine has centred principally at the improvement of 'Standard English'. during this groundbreaking, substitute account of the heritage of English, Northern English takes centre degree for the 1st time. Emphasising its richness and diversity, the publication areas northern speech and tradition within the context of identification, iconography, psychological maps, barriers and marginalisation. It reassesses the function of Northern English within the improvement of recent commonplace English, attracts a few pioneering conclusions concerning the way forward for Northern English, and considers the origins of the numerous photos and stereotypes surrounding northerners and their speech. quite a few maps, and an invaluable index of northern English phrases and pronunciations, are incorporated. cutting edge and unique, Northern English may be welcomed by means of all these drawn to the heritage and nearby range of English.
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Extra info for Northern English: A Social and Cultural History
3 below). The Scottish border area has always been fiercely contested: Berwick-upon-Tweed may find itself now in England, but history has seen it change hands, as it were, over a dozen times since the thirteenth century, with significant linguistic consequences. ) (1992: 893) that this is the real linguistic ‘North–South divide’. ) Related to the slippery definition of the northern and southern limits of the North is the equally variable definition of what it circumscribes. Here definitions can vary according to genre or public discourse: bewilderingly at the present day from tourist guides to TV reception areas, for instance, or from Local Education Authorities to the judiciary circuits.
Here definitions can vary according to genre or public discourse: bewilderingly at the present day from tourist guides to TV reception areas, for instance, or from Local Education Authorities to the judiciary circuits. According to Smith (1989: 3), the country’s Central Statistical Office distinguishes generally, if somewhat confusingly, the ‘North’ from the ‘North West’ and from ‘Yorkshire and Humberside’ (crossing the Humber estuary). There is thus neither ‘North East’ (since Cumberland and Westmorland are part of the North, not the North-west) nor generic ‘North’; but some Northerners north of the Tees or close to the Scottish border might have some sympathy with the view expressed to Simon Armitage that Yorkshire ‘isn’t the North at all’ (1999: 217).
1): ‘By ’Eck, Vera and Red Mick have a ball on gala night out’ (London Evening Standard 30 September 1998). Consider also: ‘Ay up, the accent’s on good job prospects’ (Daily Mail 19 June 1996, on the move of telesales to Sheffield and Leeds); and ‘Regional riches put one over on standard English, like’ (Guardian 16 March 1998). ’ for Geordies) it is nonetheless interesting to note how they do suggest a spoken idiom, and features rarely transposed to the printed page. g. Yorkshire tykes, The North–South Divide 31 Scousers and Geordies) and their local speech.
Northern English: A Social and Cultural History by Katie Wales