By Prof. Dr. Karl Heinrich Lieser(auth.)
This new version of the best-selling guide offers an entire and concise description of the newest wisdom on nuclear and radiochemistry in addition to their purposes within the a number of fields of technology. it's in keeping with over forty years adventure in educating classes and research.
The ebook is geared toward all researchers looking sound wisdom concerning the homes of topic, even if chemists, physicists, docs, mineralogists or biologists. them all will locate this a priceless resource of information.
examine in radiochemistry comprises: research of radioactive subject in nature, research of radioactive transmutations, chemistry of radioelements and so on. purposes comprise: Radionuclides in geo- and cosmochemistry, relationship by means of nuclear tools, radioanalysis, Mossbauer spectroscopy and comparable equipment, habit of traditional and man-made radionuclides within the surroundings, dosimetry and radiation protection.
the entire topics are awarded sincerely and comprehensibly, and in a logical series, warding off special derivations of equations. The appropriate info is compiled in tables and the hot variation of the multi-colored Karlsruhe 'Chart of the Nuclides' has additionally been included.
essentially a typical paintings through an writer with broad adventure in examine and teaching.
Chapter 1 Radioactivity in Nature (pages 1–4):
Chapter 2 Radioelements, Isotopes and Radionuclides (pages 5–17):
Chapter three actual houses of Atomic Nuclei and common debris (pages 19–28):
Chapter four Radioactive Decay (pages 29–46):
Chapter five Decay Modes (pages 47–73):
Chapter 6 Nuclear Radiation (pages 75–94):
Chapter 7 dimension of Nuclear Radiation (pages 95–126):
Chapter eight Nuclear Reactions (pages 127–170):
Chapter nine Chemical results of Nuclear Reactions (pages 171–191):
Chapter 10 effect of Chemical Bonding on Nuclear houses (pages 193–199):
Chapter eleven Nuclear strength, Nuclear Reactors, Nuclear gasoline and gas Cycles (pages 201–238):
Chapter 12 creation of Radionuclides and Labelled Compounds (pages 239–263):
Chapter thirteen specified features of the Chemistry of Radionuclides (pages 265–275):
Chapter 14 Radioelements (pages 277–308):
Chapter 15 Radionuclides in Geo? and Cosmochemistry (pages 309–322):
Chapter sixteen courting by means of Nuclear tools (pages 323–336):
Chapter 17 Radioanalysis (pages 337–356):
Chapter 18 Radiotracers in Chemistry (pages 357–372):
Chapter 19 Radionuclides within the existence Sciences (pages 373–383):
Chapter 20 Technical and commercial purposes of Radionuclides and Nuclear Radiation (pages 385–394):
Chapter 21 Radionuclides within the Geosphere and the Biosphere (pages 395–416):
Chapter 22 Dosimetry and Radiation security (pages 417–436):
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Extra resources for Nuclear and Radiochemistry: Fundamentals and Applications, Second, Revised Edition
20 3 Physical Properties of Atomic Nuclei and Elementary Particles mol-'. 000006) . If the nuclear forces between two nucleons are plotted as a function of their distance from each other, the curve shown in Fig. 2 is obtained. 4 fm. 6fm. The shape of the curve in Fig. 2 is very similar to the shape of the potential for covalent chemical bonds (Morse function), but the distances are different by five orders of magnitude and the energies by more than six orders of magnitude. 8) MeV for the mean binding energy per nucleon for mass numbers A > 12 in Fig.
He nuclei are emitted by c1 decay, and so the atomic number decreases by two units and the mass number by four units (first displacement law of Soddy and Fajans). 1) where ml ,m2 and na, are the masses of the mother nucleus, the daughter nucleus and the a particle, respectively. )c2 (54 where MA, M B and M , are the nuclide masses of the mother nuclide, the daughter nuclide and the a particle, respectively. By application of eq. 2) it is found that all nuclides with mass numbers A > 140 are unstable with respect to a decay.
Behrens, J. Janecke, Numerical Tables for Beta Decay and Electron Capture, Landolt-Bornstein, New Series, Vol. 1 Decay Series The terms “radioactive transmutation” and “radioactive decay” are synonymous. Generally, the term “decay” is preferred in the English literature. 1, many radionuclidcs were found after the discovery of radioactivity in 1896. Thesc radionuclidcs were named U X I , UX2, . . : or mesothorium 1 mesothorium 2, . . ; or actinouranium, . . , in order to indicate their genesis.
Nuclear and Radiochemistry: Fundamentals and Applications, Second, Revised Edition by Prof. Dr. Karl Heinrich Lieser(auth.)