By Fanqing Guo; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.; United States. Dept. of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information.; USDOE Director. Office of Science. Office of Nuclear Physics (US)
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Extra info for Nuclear reactions with 11C and 14O radioactive ion beams
M. 1). 1 Inverse Kinematics In a conventional experimental setup, the projectile is usually lighter than the target, except in reactions between very light nuclei. Elastic resonance scattering of light particles (p, d, α…) was performed with conventional kinematics by varying the energy of the light particle in steps of a few keV. The first study with this technique was measuring energy levels of 17 F; it was carried out at the Wisconsin electrostatic generator in the early 50’s by scattering of protons on a thin 16O target [Lau51].
Such a data format permits off-line analysis including ∆E-E matrix presentations of the coincidence data and corresponding multidimensional gating. Two-dimensional gating of the ∆E-E matrix can be used efficiently to separate the different exit channels from one another. The data acquisition and analysis codes used in this work are: CHAOS [Rat91], Kmax [Elf97, Spa04, Bak92, Pie91], and SpecTcl [Fox96, Fox03]. DE (Chanel) α particles deuterons protons E (Channel) Fig. 3-9: An example of 2D-gating process: 14N+p!
As mentioned before concerning the production methods for radioactive ion beams, proton rich exotic nuclides are produced in fragmentation reactions employing high-energy, heavy-ion projectiles (typically, 50-100 MeV/A) bombarding light nuclide targets. After in-flight separation (on the order of µs), the nuclides of interest are recorded with their energy, magnetic rigidity and time of flight (TOF) through the system, which allows their A and Z to be directly and uniquely identified. In previous chapters, the opportunities with radioactive ion beams have been described as leading to a new frontier in nuclear science.
Nuclear reactions with 11C and 14O radioactive ion beams by Fanqing Guo; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.; United States. Dept. of Energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information.; USDOE Director. Office of Science. Office of Nuclear Physics (US)