Download PDF by Wolf Häfele (auth.), G. S. Bauer, A. McDonald (eds.): Nuclear Technologies in a Sustainable Energy System

By Wolf Häfele (auth.), G. S. Bauer, A. McDonald (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3642819885

ISBN-13: 9783642819889

ISBN-10: 3642819907

ISBN-13: 9783642819902

In March 1981 the overseas Institute for utilized structures research (IIASA) released the result of a world power examine having a look fifty years into the long run: power in a Finite global: a world structures research (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Ballinger Publishing Co. , 1981)*. now not strangely, this booklet increases nearly as many questions because it solutions; therefore, it defines a large variety of study themes that would be taken up via IIASA or different learn associations worldwide. A 25-27 may possibly 1981 workshop at IIASA entitled "A point of view on Adaptive Nuclear power Evolutions: in the direction of a global of Neutron Abundance" used to be a starting on this kind of subject matters; it used to be geared up by way of Wolf Hafele (Kernforschungsanlage Ji. ilich, Jiilich, Federal Republic of Germany, and IIASA) and Arkadius Archie Harms (McMaster collage, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada). The starting place of this workshop used to be the hassle with­ within the IIASA power learn to discover attainable "sustainable" worldwide power platforms that may finally exchange the present "consumptive" method. In investigating the potential contributions nuclear applied sciences may perhaps make to a sustainable power method, it had turn into transparent that it isn't loads specific, exact applied sciences in the that are meant to be tested as a question of fairly constructive configurations of together complementary applied sciences. in basic terms while one considers exploiting an entire spectrum of preparations of fission breeders, fusion reactors, and accelerators does the real capability of nuclear strength develop into apparent.

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1) The fission part of a synergetic system may possess a resemblance to existing reactor concepts; the fuel cycles could cover the range from low to high enrichment and may involve the uranium cycle, the thorium cycle, or possibly a combination of both. (2) For the fusion part, the systems choices may involve such broad technologies as magnetic or inertial confinement as well as less emphasized subtechnologies such as colliding beams and impact fusion. The specific system choices may be equally diverse (tokamaks, mirrors, surmacs, and numerous less conventional types) with fuels initially being D-T and subsequently D-D with its variants.

Subsequently, assuming no significant adverse structural effects, the fuel could be FIG URE 7 A schematic representation of a synergetic nuclear energy system. As indicated, one facility is optimized for energy production while another provides a support capacity. As suggested here, intrinsically safe fertile materials only would be transported into this energy park and energy is supplied to a power grid. The nuclear energy continuum and its spectrum of choices 31 returned to the reactor and could eventually proceed through a repeat, or repeatable, rejuvenation cycle.

The mechanism operates with astonishing precision. Let us come back to an energy system based on nuclear fission or fusion reactors and assume that hydrogen plus electricity are the vectors to distribu te energy. What will be the configuration of the system? Hydrogen will most probably be distributed as a gas penetrating the infrastructure that methane is now creating (Figure 3). Also, trunk transportation will most probably be by pipeline. In this case the data of Table 1 will be valid with all their limitations, which do not, however, modify the outlines of the picture.

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Nuclear Technologies in a Sustainable Energy System by Wolf Häfele (auth.), G. S. Bauer, A. McDonald (eds.)

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