By Mary Somerville
Mary Somerville (1780-1872) could were a striking girl in any age, yet as an stated prime mathematician and astronomer at a time while the schooling of most girls was once super constrained, her success used to be amazing. Laplace famously advised her that 'there were simply 3 ladies who've understood me. those are your self, Mrs Somerville, Caroline Herschel and a Mrs Greig of whom i do know nothing.' Mary Somerville used to be actually Mrs Greig. After (as she herself stated) translating Laplace's paintings 'from algebra into universal language', she wrote at the Connexion of the actual Sciences (1834), additionally reissued during this sequence. Her subsequent publication, the two-volume actual Geography (1848), was once a synthesis of geography, geology, botany, astronomy and zoology, drawing at the most up-to-date discoveries in these kinds of fields to give an outline of present figuring out of the flora and fauna and the Earth's position within the universe.
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The declivity of Mont Blanc towards the Allee Blanche, precipitous as it seems, does not amount to 45°; and the mean inclination of the Peak of Teneriffe, according to Baron Humboldt, is only 12° 30'. The Silla of Caraccas, which rises precipitously from the Caribbean Sea, at an angle of 53° 28', to the height of between six and seven thousand feet, is a majestic instance of the nearest approach to perpendicularity of any great height yet known. Immediately connected with the mountains are the high table-lands which form so conspicuous a feature in the Asiatic and American continents.
The forces that raised the two great continents above the deep, when viewed on a wide scale, must evidently have acted at right angles to one another, nearly parallel to the equator in the old continent, and in the direction of the meridian in the new ; yet the structure of the opposite coasts of the Atlantic points at some connexion between the two. The tendency of the land to assume a peninsular form is very remarkable ; and it is still more so that almost all the peninsulas tend to the south, while to the north, with a very few exceptions, the two great continents terminate in a very broken line, and.
Of these the high Castilian mountains and the Sierra di Toledo cross the table-land; the Sierra Morena, so called from the dingy colour of its forests of Hermes 44 PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY. oak, on the southern edge; and, lastly, the Sierra Nevada, though only a hundred miles long and fifty broad, the finest range of mountains in Europe after the Alps, traverses the plains of Andalusia and Grenada. The table-land is monotonous and bare of trees ; the plains of Old Castile are as naked as the steppes of Siberia, and uncultivated except along the banks of the rivers.
Physical Geography by Mary Somerville