Download e-book for kindle: Politeness in Mexico and the United States: A Contrastive by J. Cesar Felix-Brasdefer

By J. Cesar Felix-Brasdefer

ISBN-10: 902725415X

ISBN-13: 9789027254153

ISBN-10: 9027291446

ISBN-13: 9789027291448

This booklet explores the problem of politeness phenomena and socially acceptable habit in societies, Mexico and the USA, in 3 varied contexts: refusing invites, requests, and recommendations. as well as a state of the art overview of the speech act of refusals in several languages, the e-book offers a rigorous research of information assortment equipment applied to ascertain speech act habit on the construction and conception degrees. Many examples of local speaker interactions illustrate the similarities and modifications saw within the cognizance styles and the belief of refusals via Mexicans and americans in formal and casual occasions. the knowledge are analyzed when it comes to refusal sequences and pragmatic innovations that are strategically used to hold out relational paintings in the course of the negotiation of face. the result of the quantitative and qualitative analyses are interpreted in mild of the notions of face, politeness, and relational paintings in Mexico and the USA. This booklet can be of curiosity to researchers and scholars in pragmatics and discourse research, cross-cultural conversation, and sociology.

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Additional info for Politeness in Mexico and the United States: A Contrastive Study of the Realization and Perception of Refusals

Sample text

It should be noted that, in general, the linguistic expressions employed during the negotiation of face are not inherently polite or impolite, but rather, may be open to interpretation in a particular context. After a critical evaluation of Brown and Levinson’s politeness model, Watts concludes that Goffman’s (1967) original notions of face, facework, and lines of behavior are more suitable for a theory of social interaction. Following Goffman (1967), Watts defines face as “a socially attributed aspect of self that is temporarily on loan for the duration of the interaction in accordance with the line or lines that the individual has adopted” (2003: 125).

It should be noted that, in general, the linguistic expressions employed during the negotiation of face are not inherently polite or impolite, but rather, may be open to interpretation in a particular context. After a critical evaluation of Brown and Levinson’s politeness model, Watts concludes that Goffman’s (1967) original notions of face, facework, and lines of behavior are more suitable for a theory of social interaction. Following Goffman (1967), Watts defines face as “a socially attributed aspect of self that is temporarily on loan for the duration of the interaction in accordance with the line or lines that the individual has adopted” (2003: 125).

To avoid confusion, the term ‘performative’ was adopted by Austin to suggest that in/by saying something we perform an action, and these actions can be realized with or without a speech act verb. As a result, he proposed a three-way taxonomy of speech acts: 1) a locutionary act refers to the act of saying something meaningful, that is, the act of uttering a fragment or a sentence in the literal sense (referring and predicating); 2) an illocutionary act is an act performed in saying something that has a conventional force such as informing, ordering, warning, complaining, requesting, or refusing; and, 3) a perlocutionary act refers to what we achieve “by saying something such as convincing, persuading, deterring, and even, say, surprising or misleading” (1962: 109).

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Politeness in Mexico and the United States: A Contrastive Study of the Realization and Perception of Refusals by J. Cesar Felix-Brasdefer


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