By Bernd Heine
Bernd Heine argues that the constitution of grammatical different types is predictable to a wide volume when we be aware of the diversity of attainable cognitive buildings from which they're derived. the writer makes use of as his instance the constitution of predicative ownership, and indicates how many of the possessive structures to be present in the world's languages might be traced again to a small set of simple conceptual styles. utilizing grammaticalization conception Heine describes how each one impacts the observe order and morphosyntax of the ensuing possessive building.
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Extra info for Possession: Cognitive Sources, Forces, and Grammaticalization
The possessor, on the other hand, is likely to be definite in both kinds of construction, although it may also be indefinite in the 33 34 case of 'belong'-constructions. 1. Perhaps a classical way of distinguishing between the two kinds of construction can be found in Nama (Khoekhoe), where the distinction is associated with voice: active sentences have the subject/topic as a possessor and are 'have'-sentences, as in (25a), while passive sentences have the possessee as the subject/topic and correspond to the notion of 'belong'-constructions, as in (25b).
He has a missing daughter. He has a missing $5 bill. g. my shirt), body-part or part-whole (that woman's face), and kinship relations (Sheila's daughter). What this observation would seem to suggest is that the distinction between the two kinds of inalienable possession is a salient one; Langacker adds that the three prototypes have an experiential basis, 'deriving from certain types of experience that are so ubiquitous and cognitively salient that they can reasonably be called conceptual archetypes' (Langacker 1994:44).
Event schemas may be distinguished linguistically from simple relational concepts like EAT in that each of the two is associated with different kinds of questions. ' would be suggestive of an answer in terms of a simple concept like EAT. A sort of schema that is related to the one introduced by Heine (1993) and adopted here is proposed by Shibatani (1996). For him, schemas function as construals on scenes or situations, and grammatical schemas 'represent conceptual archetypes grounded in the experiental domain'.
Possession: Cognitive Sources, Forces, and Grammaticalization by Bernd Heine