By Gopinadhan Paliyath Ph.D.;Dennis P. Murr;Avtar K. Handa;Susan Lurie
An elevated knowing of the developmental body structure, biochemistry, and molecular biology in the course of early development, maturation, ripening, and postharvest stipulations has stronger applied sciences to take care of the shelf existence and caliber of culmination, greens, and flora. Postharvest Biology and expertise of end result, greens, and flora offers a entire advent to this topic, supplying a company grounding within the simple technological know-how and branching out into the know-how and useful functions. An authoritative source at the technological know-how and know-how of the postharvest zone, this booklet surveys the physique of data with an emphasis at the fresh advances within the box.
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Additional resources for Postharvest Biology and Technology of Fruits, Vegetables, and Flowers
These isozymes regulate the flow of carbon from the hexose phosphate pool to the pentose phosphate pool. PFK isozymes are strongly inhibited by phosphoenol pyruvate. Thus, any conditions that may cause the accumulation of phosphoenol pyruvate will tend to reduce the carbon flow through glycolysis. By contrast, inorganic phosphate is a strong activator of PFK. Thus, the ratio of PEP to inorganic phosphate would appear to be the major factor that regulates the activity of PFK and carbon flux through glycolysis.
As the fruit matures and begin to ripen, the pattern of sugar utilization changes. Ripening is a highly energy-intensive process. And this is reflected in the burst in respiratory carbon dioxide evolution during ripening. As mentioned earlier, the respiratory burst is characteristic of some fruits that are designated as climacteric fruits. The postharvest shelf life of fruits can depend on their intensity of respiration. Fruits such as mango and banana possess high level of respiratory activity and are highly perishable.
It is also important to visualize that these structures are not static and the components of cell wall are constantly being turned over in response to growth conditions. 2 Lipids and biomembranes By structure, lipids can form both structural and storage components. The major forms of lipids include fatty acids, diacyl- and triacylglycerols, phospholipids, sterols, and waxes that provide an external barrier to the fruits. Fruits, in general, are not rich in lipids with the exception of avocado and olives that store large amounts of triacylglycerols or oil.
Postharvest Biology and Technology of Fruits, Vegetables, and Flowers by Gopinadhan Paliyath Ph.D.;Dennis P. Murr;Avtar K. Handa;Susan Lurie