Posttranscriptional Gene Regulation: RNA Processing in by Jane Wu PDF

By Jane Wu

ISBN-10: 3527322027

ISBN-13: 9783527322022

ISBN-10: 3527665439

ISBN-13: 9783527665433

Reflecting the swift growth within the box, the ebook offers the present knowing of molecular mechanisms of post-transcriptional gene legislation thereby concentrating on RNA processing mechanisms in eucaryotic cells. With chapters on mechanisms as RNA splicing, RNA interference, MicroRNAs, RNA modifying and others, the ebook additionally discusses the severe position of RNA processing for the pathogenesis of a variety of human ailments. The interdisciplinary significance of the subject makes the identify an invaluable source for a large reader workforce in technology, clinics in addition to pharmaceutical industry.Content:
Chapter 1 The function of Cotranscriptional Recruitment of RNA?Binding Proteins within the upkeep of Genomic balance (pages 1–18): Jennifer A. Aoki and James L. Manley
Chapter 2 Transcription Termination by means of RNA Polymerase II (pages 19–40): Minkyu Kim and Stephen Buratowski
Chapter three Posttranscriptional Gene legislation through an Editor: ADAR and its position in RNA enhancing (pages 41–81): Louis Valente, Yukio Kawahara, Boris Zinshteyn, Hisashi Iizasa and Kazuko Nishikura
Chapter four Posttranslational amendment of Sm Proteins: varied Roles in snRNP meeting and Germ Line Specification (pages 83–116): Graydon B. Gonsalvez and A. Gregory Matera
Chapter five constitution, functionality, and Biogenesis of Small Nucleolar Ribonucleoprotein debris (pages 117–132): Katherine S. Godin and Gabriele Varani
Chapter 6 Mechanistic Insights into Mammalian Pre?mRNA Splicing (pages 133–161): Sebastian M. Fica, Eliza C. Small, Melissa Mefford and Jonathan P. Staley
Chapter 7 Splicing judgements form Neuronal Protein functionality around the Transcriptome (pages 163–180): Jill A. Dembowski and Paula J. Grabowski
Chapter eight Noncoding RNA: the main Output of Gene Expression (pages 181–213): Matthias Harbers and Piero Carninci
Chapter nine Noncoding RNAs, Neurodevelopment, and Neurodegeneration (pages 215–238): Mengmeng Chen, Jianwen Deng, Mengxue Yang, Kun Zhu, Jianghong Liu, Li Zhu and Dr. Jane Y. Wu
Chapter 10 The Evolution of the trendy RNA international (pages 239–252): Ying Chen, Hongzheng Dai and Manyuan lengthy

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Extra resources for Posttranscriptional Gene Regulation: RNA Processing in Eukaryotes

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These findings revealed an exonuclease involved in termination, and strongly support the “torpedo” model. Several studies have implicated RNApII pausing in termination [25–27]. Such pausing can be intrinsic to certain nucleotide sequences, but it can also be induced when RNApII is blocked by a DNA-binding protein or perhaps a particular chromatin feature. The torpedo model provides a satisfying explanation for these observations. Given that the RNApII continues transcribing past the poly(A) site, the Rat1 exonuclease must “catch up” to the elongation complex to trigger termination.

At the final stage of B-lymphocyte differentiation (plasma cells), however, the expression of CstF-64 is increased, and the weaker poly(A) site becomes recognized and utilized, resulting in the secreted form of IgM [112]. Additionally, direct competition or interference of the CstF-64 binding to RNA by other RNA-binding proteins recognizing similar RNA sequences (U-rich) was also shown to affect the choice of poly(A) sites [113, 114]. Interestingly, many tissue-specific alternative poly(A) sites have suboptimal AGUAAA polyadenylation sequences [109, 115], and a UCUU element was often found to associate with brain-specific poly(A) sites [116].

KGaA. Published 2013 by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. 1 The Allosteric Model This model suggests that RNApII becomes less competent for elongation when it reaches the poly(A) signal at the 3′ end of genes, perhaps due to an exchange of protein factors or a conformational change within the RNApII itself. It is clear that various proteins bind to RNApII only at certain stages of the transcription cycle and many of these dynamic transitions are mediated by the carboxy-terminal domain (CTD) of RNApII.

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Posttranscriptional Gene Regulation: RNA Processing in Eukaryotes by Jane Wu

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