By Ali K. Kamrani Ph.D, Sa’ed M. Salhieh (auth.)
The present industry is present process an speeded up speed of switch that demanding situations firms to innovate new recommendations to reply swiftly to an ever-changing setting. on the heart of this altering surroundings is a brand new new release of empowered purchasers (customers) built with quickly evolving applied sciences that let them to shop for from markets scattered around the globe. Empowering the purchasers has disadvantaged agencies of what was their right-to introduce new items slowly, at their very own relaxation. corporations used to introduce new items each few years, and, for the main half, items provided constrained functionalities and lines. A comparatively cheap caliber product-irrespective of purchaser satisfaction-was a assured price ticket for achievement. New worldwide economies and worldwide markets replaced company practices and taken with the buyer because the significant participant within the economic climate. organisations now fail or be triumphant dependent upon their skill to reply quick to altering buyer calls for and to make use of new technological strategies. In such an atmosphere, the virtue is going to the company which can supply larger kinds of new items with larger functionality and bigger total allure. on the way to compete during this fast paced worldwide industry, enterprises have to produce items that may be simply configured to provide distinct features in comparison to the contest. additionally, firms have to improve new tools and strategies to react quickly to required adjustments in items and marketplace traits and to shorten the product improvement cycle, in order to allow them to realize extra monetary competitiveness.
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Extra resources for Product Design for Modularity
2. 10. The decomposed matrix is shown in Figure 2. 11. 1. 2. / C7 Cg s = r( 1- cos 0 ) /=rld C9 1 1 1 -=-+R is RI' B=/,,+/;-l • 0 I C IO do -d,-2d r- .. " Cs D=Bd Cli Rr = a\de - dcos f3)/2de C6 ro + r, -.! = J;d/(2/;-1) r B 10 li D ~I ro rl Pe 5 e R Rx Ry r ~ C, C, C, C. Cs C. C, C. c. C, o C l1 C'2L-____________________________________________________ Figure 2. JO. Ball Bearing Design Constraint-Parameter Incidence Matrix ~ Chapter 2 30 c, c. c, sed. do d, i3 Pd ro r, 10 Ii R, R r D p. d Il, R, B C 11 C2 C6 c.
Problem decomposition is divided into requirements de composition, constraint-parameter decomposition, and decomposition-based design optimization. 1 Requirements Decomposition Requirements represent an abstraction of the design problem, starting with the overall requirement (general demand) and ending with the specific requirements (specific demands). The ability to meet a requirement is given by a design function. 9), where specific requirements are mapped into specific functions. 9. 2 Constraint Parameter Decomposition The parameters describe the features (quantitative or qualitative data) of the product, while the constraints defi ne the ranges of values assigned to parameters that are defined by product requirements.
They are implemented by adaptive modules that allow for unpredictable circumstances. Customer-Specific Functions These are functions that are not provided by the modular system, and they are implemented by non-modules which must be designed individually. If they are used, the result is a mixed system that combines modules and non-modules. 2 Product Modularity Representation Product modularity can be represented based on the types of combinations between the modules. Combinations between modules are analyzed based on the types of interactions between the different modules within a product.
Product Design for Modularity by Ali K. Kamrani Ph.D, Sa’ed M. Salhieh (auth.)