By J. Samuel Walker
During this concise account of why the US used atomic bombs opposed to Japan in 1945, J. Samuel Walker analyzes the explanations at the back of President Truman's such a lot debatable determination. He delineates what was once recognized and never identified via American leaders on the time and evaluates the position of U.S.-Soviet kin and American household politics. during this new version, Walker takes under consideration fresh scholarship at the subject, together with new details at the jap selection to give up. He has revised the publication to put extra emphasis at the impact of the Soviet invasion of Manchuria in convincing the emperor and his advisers to surrender the struggle. emerging above a regularly polemical debate, Walker offers an available synthesis of prior paintings and a massive, unique contribution to our knowing of the occasions that ushered within the atomic age.
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Extra resources for Prompt and utter destruction: Truman and the use of atomic bombs against Japan
The historical evidence makes clear that the popular view about the use of the bomb is a mythological construct for the following reasons: (1) there were other options available for ending the war within a reasonably short time without the bomb and without an invasion; (2) Truman and his key advisers believed that Japan was so weak that the war could end before an invasion began, that is, they did Page 6 not regard an invasion as inevitable; and (3) even in the worst case, if an invasion of Japan proved to be necessary, military planners in the summer of 1945 projected the number of American lives lost at far fewer than the hundreds of thousands that Truman and his advisers claimed after the war.
In the battle for the barren island of Iwo Jima in February 1945, Americans sustained heavy casualties at the hands of the Japanese, who allowed them to land with little resistance but then attacked in force from well-concealed pillboxes and concrete bunkers. The Americans eventually prevailed, but for the first time in the island campaign they suffered more casualties (though not more fatalities) than their foes. The Japanese again held out to the death; more than 18,000 out of a garrison of 21,000 died, and only slightly more than 200 surrendered (the rest were unaccounted for).
Truman won greater affection and esteem from the American people after his presidency, and especially after his death, than he ever achieved when he occupied the White House. In the public image of his performance as president that gradually emerged after he left office, he was honest, forthright, confident, and decisive (guided by the sign on his desk, "The Buck Stops Here"). In popular perceptions, he was, despite his limited formal education and executive experience, instinctively right in his policy judgments, using down-to-earth common sense to address complicated issues.
Prompt and utter destruction: Truman and the use of atomic bombs against Japan by J. Samuel Walker