Download PDF by Robin Cooper (auth.): Quantification and Syntactic Theory

By Robin Cooper (auth.)

ISBN-10: 902771892X

ISBN-13: 9789027718921

ISBN-10: 9401569320

ISBN-13: 9789401569323

The layout of this ebook is uncommon, specifically for a ebook approximately linguistics. The ebook is intended basically as a examine monograph aimed toward linguists who've a few historical past in formal semantics, e. g. Montague Grammar. besides the fact that, i've got different audiences in brain. Linguists who've very little adventure of formal semantics, yet who've labored via a simple arithmetic for linguists direction (e. g. utilizing Wall, 1972, or Partee, 1978), should still, probably with assistance from a sympathetic Montague gramma­ rian, manage to become aware of sufficient of ways i've got tailored many of the simple principles in formal semantics to make the advancements that I adopt within the remainder of the publication obtainable. Logicians and machine scientists who find out about version theoretic semantics and formal platforms can be in a position to glean adequate from Chapters I and II approximately linguistic issues and methods so that it will learn the rest of the publication, back almost certainly with the aid of a sympathetic Montague grammarian. notwithstanding, readers may still pay attention. bankruptcy II isn't intended as a normal advent both to formal semantics or to linguistics and whereas a lot of the presentation there's going over floor that's already good coated within the literature, the actual formula and the emphases are a great deal orientated to the advancements to be undertaken later within the book.

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0'} = (lexicon) B. We call the whole structural description of the sentence ¢ to distinguish it from the structural description for John seeks X7 which we shall call S. Dw} liunicornpw -+ 0' where uH(a) = NP~:7 = that NP intension % such that for all w' E W %(w) = {X ~ E I Q~7(X7)EX} (rule 0, lexicon) ={X~ElaEX}. Exercises II. F. A2). 50 CHAPTER II A sentence is semanticallv ambiguous if more than one intension is associated with it by the syntax and semantics. 1. Show that the following sentences are syntactically and semantically ambiguous by giving derivations for them in the manner of examples A and B.

Firstly, it claims that every man, a man and no man all have the same denotation. This seems incorrect. Secondly, it requires three different rules for determining the truth of sentences consisting of a noun-phrase and A FRAGMENT OF ENGLISH 25 verb-phrase. Which rule is chosen depends on the determiner which occurs inside the noun-phrase. , we would have to add a new rule for each of these determiners. This means that on this analysis we have no general way of stating the truth conditions of NP VP sentences in terms of the denotations of the NP and VP.

John denotes the family of sets which contain John. Hence the denotation of love Mary will be a member of the denotation of John just in case the set denoted by the verb-phrase contains the individual John. The sentence John loves Mary will in fact be true just in case John is one of the individuals who love Mary. Exercise II. B. What families of sets would be denoted by the following noun-phrases? two men infinitely many stars every tree in the park at least four men who love Mary Problems 1. Why is it not as straightforward to give denotations for the following noun-phrases as it was for the nounphrases in the above exercise?

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Quantification and Syntactic Theory by Robin Cooper (auth.)

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