By Gloria J. Browne-Marshall
In Race, legislation, and American Society: 1607 to Present Gloria Browne-Marshall strains the heritage of racial discrimination in American legislation from colonial instances to the current, studying the main complaints that tested America’s racial approach and showing their influence on American society. all through, she areas advocates for freedom and equality at the heart, relocating from their fight for physical freedom within the slavery period to newer battles for equivalent rights and monetary equality. From the colonial period to the present, this book examines schooling, estate possession, vote casting rights, legal justice, and the army besides as internationalism and civil liberties. Race, legislations, and American Society is highly accessible and thorough in its depiction of the function race has performed, with the sanction of the U.S. ultimate Court, in shaping almost each significant American social institution.
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Extra info for Race, Law, and American Society: 1607-Present
77 Reprisal came swiftly on the heels of freedom. The Civil Rights Act of 1871, also known as the Ku Klux Klan Act, was enacted in response to the widespread terrorism by Southern Whites seeking revenge against Blacks and Northern Whites. 79 President Ulysses S. Grant, a Union general in the Civil War, was succeeded by Rutherford B. Hayes in 1876 amid racial violence. In a compromise to appease Southerners, President Hayes withdrew federal troops stationed in the South. With the withdrawal of military protection, Blacks were subject to pervasive racial violence and acts of political vengence.
83 Plessy, a Black man who claimed to be seven-eighths White, sat in the segregated Whites-only section of the train. Under the law, a conductor had to remove any interloper or risk jail and a fine. The conductor asked Plessy to move to the Negro-only car. When he refused, Plessy was arrested and convicted of violating the Separate Car Act. He appealed the decision, arguing that the act violated his Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendment rights, and placed a badge of inferiority on Blacks. S. ” 85 Every aspect of American life was affected by this ruling.
The law was utilized to maintain racial differences and remove non-Whites from economic, political, and social competition. Laws were enacted to create slavery, deprive Blacks and other people of color of their basic human rights, and maintain a socioracial hierarchy based on a White power structure. indb 33 2/16/07 11:05:26 AM xxxiv Introduction Blacks and their advocates of goodwill have utilized every available method to challenge a socioracial hierarchy that would relegate those of African descent to the lowest tier of American society.
Race, Law, and American Society: 1607-Present by Gloria J. Browne-Marshall