Download e-book for kindle: Real Science What It Is and What It Means by John Ziman

By John Ziman

ISBN-10: 052177229X

ISBN-13: 9780521772297

Not like so much different comparable books, this systematic, rigorously reasoned, non-technical research of the character and value of clinical wisdom opens how you can reconciliation within the 'science wars'. through describing how educational scientists truly adopt learn and converse their findings, it exhibits that the philosophy, psychology and sociology of technological know-how are inextricably entwined, and that 'realism' and 'relativism' are only facets of an identical coin. The writing is well-informed, down-to-earth and lucid.

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On the other hand, mobility between fields of research is severely restricted47, even within the same organization. 4]. A professor of physics in Bristol may have more in common with a physicist in Jakarta than with the professor of chemistry in the next building. It is worth remarking, finally, that a modern university is expected to be multidisciplinary. For educational reasons, it customarily covers as wide a range of disciplines as possible – from Classical Greek Literature, say, to Computational Cosmology.

2 Elements of the scientific ethos academic science, as practised in the second half of the twentieth century, is a highly successful, well-founded institution, solidly based on a long record of high achievement. Its social ‘norms, values and laws’ have slowly developed in close partnership with its philosophical principles26. This stable combination of practices and principles is what people think of when they refer to ‘science’. And yet, as we shall see, this robust institution, this sturdy culture, is now entering a period of rapid and profound change.

More rigorous scrutiny should eliminate purely imitative research, or material that has obviously been recycled from previously published texts. Although copyright disputes are rare in academia, plagiarism is as infamous as fabrication in a scientific paper. 6 Originality Paradoxically, insistence on originality entrenches orthodoxy. e. have failed to cite) relevant earlier work. To avoid such rebuffs, scientists have to be fully acquainted with all prior research in their field. From their doctoral studies onwards, they have to work hard at ‘keeping up with’ their subject.

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Real Science What It Is and What It Means by John Ziman


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