By Henry Smith
Henry Smith develops a idea of syntactic case and examines its synchronic and diachronic results. inside of a unification-based framework, he attracts out pervasive styles within the dating among morphosyntax "linking" and grammatical functionality. starting with an in depth research of dative substitution in Icelandic, the writer strikes directly to learn a wide range of synchronic and diachronic facts and to build a typology of case.
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Extra info for Restrictiveness in Case Theory
B: [b] C:[c] where A and B are of the same type, a = b, and C is applicable by the AC to y (c unifies with y's LINK value) In (65) and henceforth, applying cases are noted in italics. Note that this constraint is asymmetric in that it "questions" the linking of the lower argument y but not the higher argument x. It is this asymmetry that gives the system its "directional" procedural interpretation, which will become clear with the next example. As noted before, an alternative to (64-65) would be to have linking proceed top-down.
Essay The demotion is lexically specified here as it was for certain goals in some of the ditransitives above in (25). There are several disadvantages to this. One is that this makes it very easy to write a grammar in which some dative experiencers are syntactically oblique but some are not. e. are not syntactically oblique. Although dative subjects are well-known, it seems that no language has been found with both dative behavioral subjects and behaviorally oblique dative logical subjects. Therefore in the following I will assume that linkers themselves are specified for obliqueness and obliqueness is inherited (across-the-board) by the NPs they link.
In this section and the next, I will present two further constraints on case which will make case frames fully predictable. 44 Argument case and case alternations These two constraints use the independently needed distributional information from the last sections, the necessary conditions on case distribution (the value of the feature LINK). The fact that the remaining constraints converge on the same set of features provides considerable evidence for their identity as a class. In this section, I introduce the most important constraint of the system.
Restrictiveness in Case Theory by Henry Smith