By Thomas E. Burman, Thomas J. Heffernan
The Mediterranean and Western-European sphere within the historic, Medieval and Early-Modern sessions was once a global of complicated and deeply rooted spiritual Pluralism – Jews, numerous sects of Christians, Muslims, and pagans all lived part by way of part and interacted on a regular basis.
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Extra info for Scripture and Pluralism: Reading the Bible in the Religiously Plural Worlds of the Middle Ages and Renaissance (Studies in the History of Christian Thought)
The clues are to be found in connection with the very words Baumstark and Guillaume wanted to emend. The verbal root b-t-r, in the sense of 'to be proud, vain,' appears twice in the Qur'an (Q VIII. S8), and in both places it describes the state of mind of those who have in the past turned aside from God's way, or who have rejected His messenger. Clearly, this sense fits an Islamic understanding of the 39 Baumstark, 205; Guillaume, 'The Version of the Gospels,' 293. 40 Baumstark, 205-206. SIDNEY H.
It only remains to ask: where did Ibn Isqaq get the passage from the Gospel according to John that he quoted in the 'Islamicized' way that we have described? There are few mentions of Arabic Bible translations in early Islamic sources. 1 as he presented it is clearly related to the form of the text found among Christians only in the Christian Palestinian Gospel Lectionary. But the question is, did Ibn Isqaq himself translate it from an Aramaic copy of this lectionary, or did he find it already translated into Arabic, perhaps in pre-Islamic times,52 and all he had to do was to 'correct' it?
Griffith, The Gospel in Arabic: An Inquiry into its Appearance in the First Abbasid Century,' Oriens Christianus 69 (1985):126-167, especially 137-143. , y- '-z-w-n-n~, see the explanation given below. , in vain. '26) Had al-Munaf;JJmiina, he whom God will send, already come to you from the Lord, and the spirit of truth,34 he who comes from God, he would have been a witness for me, and you too, because you have been with me from the beginning. ' 'AI-Munaf;JJmiina in Syriac is Muhammad, and in Greek it is al-baraqlztZs.
Scripture and Pluralism: Reading the Bible in the Religiously Plural Worlds of the Middle Ages and Renaissance (Studies in the History of Christian Thought) by Thomas E. Burman, Thomas J. Heffernan