By Jennifer M. Saul
Книга easy Sentences uncomplicated Sentences Книги Иностранные языки Автор: Jennifer M. Saul Год издания: 2007 Формат: pdf Издат.:Oxford collage Press Страниц: 176 Размер: 1,4 ISBN: 019921915X Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:The phenomenon of substitution failure is a longstanding concentration of debate for philosophers of language. Substitution failure happens whilst a metamorphosis from one co-referential identify to a different (e.g. from "Superman" to "Clark Kent") impacts the truth-value of a sentence. Jennifer Saul has shownthat this may ensue even within the easiest of sentences. She provides the 1st full-length remedy of this confusing characteristic of language, and explores its implications for the idea of reference and names, and for the method of semantics.
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Additional info for Simple sentences, substitution, and intuitions
On this option, the opponent of Naïve Millianism must explain away anti-substitution intuitions about simple sentences while insisting that it is unacceptable for the Naïve Millian to explain away anti-substitution intuitions about belief reports. She will, then, need to offer a very good reason to suppose that anti-substitution intuitions about belief reports demand a kind of respect that those about simple sentences do not. Simple sentences, then, present a challenge to those who oppose Naïve Millianism.
If (4) is true, then, (4∗ ) must be as well. An account that simply takes ‘Clark Kent’ and ‘Superman’ to refer to different temporal parts, then, is inadequate. 2 Pitt’s view: alter and primum egos David Pitt (2001) offers an account that makes use of temporal parts, but in a more complicated way than the simple view sketched above. Pitt claims that what is at work in the problematic simple sentence cases is actually the complex phenomenon of individuals with alter egos. Alter egos, for Pitt, are collections of temporal parts of individuals.
A reminder: I use the phrase ‘truth conditions’ to refer to the truth values of a sentence in a context, evaluated both at the actual world and at other possible worlds. Truth-conditional intuitions are intuitions about these truth values. Simple Sentences and Semantics 29 On these accounts, the terms ‘Clark Kent’ and ‘Superman’, ordinarily taken to be co-referential, are—in at least some contexts—not coreferential. Since the intuitions I am discussing are pre-theoretical, however, and since pre-theoretically we take the terms ‘Superman’ and ‘Clark Kent’ to name the same individual, I will for convenience persist in calling the intuitions ‘anti-substitution intuitions’.
Simple sentences, substitution, and intuitions by Jennifer M. Saul