By Nigel Armstrong
The purpose of this paintings is to ascertain the orientation of French audio system towards their regular or non-local language, as proven through their behaviour on diversified degrees of linguistic research and in numerous speech kinds. the amount additionally discusses the problems linked to employing phrases equivalent to "standard", "non-local", and "levelled" to the French language. themes contain: styles of phonological version; socio-stylistic edition in French phonology; grammatical version; variable liaison; and edition within the French lexicon.
Read or Download Social and Stylistic Variation in Spoken French: A Comparative Approach (IMPACT: Studies in Language & Society) PDF
Similar language & grammar books
Just a couple of dozen spelling error account for almost all of all mistakes. should you examine those universal mistakes and the way to right and stay away from them, your spelling skill increases dramatically. Goof evidence Spelling covers those most typical blunders in mini-lessons with 25 goof-proof principles that sincerely clarify the common errors and the way to avoid it.
This wide-ranging survey of experimental equipment in phonetics and phonology indicates the insights and effects supplied by means of diverse tools of research, together with laboratory-based, statistical, psycholinguistic, computational-modeling, corpus, and box strategies. The 5 chapters within the first a part of the publication research the hot heritage and interrelations of conception and technique.
This ebook describes Optimality thought from the head down, explaining and exploring the critical premises of OT and the consequences that stick to from them. Examples are drawn from phonology, morphology, and syntax, however the emphasis all through is at the concept instead of the examples, on knowing what's designated approximately OT and on equipping readers to use it, expand it, and critique it of their personal components of curiosity.
This can be a finished and available consultant to the equipment researchers use to check baby language, written by means of skilled students within the examine of language improvement. provides a finished survey of laboratory and naturalistic innovations utilized in the research of alternative domain names of language, age levels, and populations, and explains the questions addressed by way of every one techniquePresents new examine equipment, comparable to using sensible close to Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) to check the job of the brainExpands on extra conventional learn tools akin to assortment, transcription, and coding of speech samples which have been remodeled by way of new and software program
- The Handbook of Pidgin and Creole Studies (Blackwell Handbooks in Linguistics)
- Provocative Syntax (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs)
- Handbook of Linguistic Terms
- Getting Acquainted in Conversation: A Study of Initial Interactions
- Learning to Spell: Research, Theory, and Practice Across Languages
- The Phonetics and Phonology of Gutturals: A Case Study from Ju 'hoansi (Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics)
Extra info for Social and Stylistic Variation in Spoken French: A Comparative Approach (IMPACT: Studies in Language & Society)
The long-term aim of the project reported here (Armstrong and Boughton 1999) is to gather and analyse adequate empirical data on two regional varieties of standard French, those of Nancy and Rennes, with a view to testing through a variationist analysis of language recordings the hypothesis discussed above concerning the uniformity of French pronunciation. However, the intermediate result we discuss concerns the evaluative axis of variation rather than the behavioural. From the point of view of linguistic variation and change, this axis is integral to the sociolinguistic nexus that interrelates the extra-linguistic factors inﬂuencing variable language.
Studies of the deletion of schwa and of /l/ and /r/ and of the levelling of the mid-vowels (see Armstrong 1993 for a review of these) are perhaps most frequent in the quantitative paradigm applied to French variable phonology. Although, as stated above, evidence is not copious, some researchers have reported relatively sharp diﬀerentiation patterns similar to those found in English; for example, Laks (1977), in a network study of a group of six Parisian working-class adolescent males who were relatively similar in respect of their social class (L/MWC), reported a correlation between deletion of /r/ in word- 27 28 Social and Stylistic Variation in Spoken French ﬁnal syllables (as in item 1 above) and ‘social trajectory’ as evidenced by adherence to non-mainstream behaviour such as petty crime and truancy on the one hand, and assimilation to school and work on the other.
Neutralisation of the front nasal mid-vowels [«7] and [œ] « has a straightforward functional explanation (few minimal pairs are involved) Patterns of phonological variation and is widespread across northern France, while it is unclear whether variation between the front vowels and the two back vowels ([«f] and [«"]) is explicable from a functional point of view. Hansen (1998:11–12) summarises the situation as follows: the merger between [«7] and [œ], « which is now largely complete in oïl French, may perhaps be in the process of being followed by the merger of [«f] and [«"], even though hundreds of minimal pairs depend on this latter opposition.
Social and Stylistic Variation in Spoken French: A Comparative Approach (IMPACT: Studies in Language & Society) by Nigel Armstrong