By Lesley Milroy
Sociolinguistics: process and Interpretation provides a radical and useful description of present sociolinguistic method whereas spotting that methodological judgements can by no means be separated from questions of theory.Presents an intensive and sensible description of present sociolinguistic technique. Considers various matters together with speaker choice, info assortment, social issues, phonological and syntactical version, style-shifting and code-switching. acknowledges that methodological judgements can by no means be separated from questions of thought. Stresses the necessity for the complete study strategy from the preliminary layout of the venture to the translation of effects to be grounded in theoretically defensible positions. indicates how the study paradigm tested by way of a couple of influential pioneers has been fruitfully elevated by means of interesting new tendencies.
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Additional resources for Sociolinguistics: Method and Interpretation (Language in Society)
Indeed, for many years Le Page worked partly within this framework, although he has been critical of some aspects of it (see McEntegart and Le Page 1982; Le Page and Tabouret-Keller 1985). 3 Adaptations of the Traditional Model Until the mid-1960s, the general framework offered by the traditional dialectological model was widely used for descriptions of language variation largely because it was the only coherent one available at that time. In the following sections we look at various attempts to adapt it for purposes other than those for which it was originally intended, and discuss some of the problems and successes encountered.
Gregg relates his findings in Larne to data on the local Ulster-Scots dialect, noting that while Larne speakers have a similar phoneme inventory to rural hinterland speakers, they characteristically reorganize it in such a way that the available phonemic contrasts appear in different lexical sets. This kind of systemic difference is what Wells (1982) describes as a difference in phonological incidence. Although Gregg’s account is linguistically sophisticated, it is also clearly traditional in orientation insofar as it is preoccupied with the “genuine” speech of Larne as opposed to speech in which influence from nearby Belfast can be detected.
David Britain (1992) used such apparent-time reasoning in his interpretation of intonational changes affecting New Zealand English. Britain examined the frequency of an intonation contour involving a sharp rise at its end (the high rise terminal) in the speech of several types of speakers. Most relevant for the present discussion, he compared speakers of three generations aged 20–29, 40–49, and 70–79. 9 percent of those of the youngest group. To lend further support to his suggestion that these figures evidenced a change in progress, Britain cites a 1966 report that commented on this feature in the speech of children, particularly of Maori children (the group who showed the highest frequency use in Britain’s study).
Sociolinguistics: Method and Interpretation (Language in Society) by Lesley Milroy