By Norman Cutler
"... an important contribution to the field... nice perception, studying, and clarity." -- George Hart III, college of California, Berkeley"A master's hand is in the back of this volume." -- spiritual experiences Review"... eminently readable... artfully explains the preliminary spirit and glossy realizing of Tamil bhakti poetry... " -- Pacific Affairs"Norman Cutler's significant fulfillment in Songs of expertise is the hot severe viewpoint he offers on bhakti poetry." -- The magazine of ReligionCutler unearths the hyperlink among Tamil poetry and faith. His fluent translations make the poems -- songs of the adventure of God -- reside for us as they did for his or her first viewers approximately fifteen centuries in the past.
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Extra resources for Songs of Experience: The Poetics of Tamil Devotion (Religion in Asia and Africa)
18. ): The Correlation of Theology and Topography in the Srivaisnava Tradition of South India (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1984). 19. A summary of this legend is found in chapter 2. 20. K. A. Nilakanta Sastri, The Colas (Madras: Madras University, 1955), pp. 637, 639. 21. K. K. A. Venkatachari, The Manipravala Literature of the Srivaisnava Acaryas (Bombay: Anantacharya Research Institute, 1978) pp. 15, 21, 23. 22. In Srivaisnavism the parallelism between Tamil and Sanskrit sacred literature is elaborated in the doctrine known as ubhayavedanta (twofold Vedanta).
ATA 1 Within the same rhetorical framework, a poem may bring out other dimensions of the poet-god-audience triangle, as the following poem by Poykaiyalvar demonstrates: Tall lord, whatever the unchecked ardor of your servants may prompt them to say, don't take offense didn't the ten-headed demon scheme against you only to find truth and reach your feet at last? MTA 35 Here the poet speaks to Visnu about other devotees, and he urges the god to overlook their occasional indiscretions. The poet almost seems to be pleading on behalf of an unseen audience who is allowed to eavesdrop from the wings.
The verse can be divided into two components that are linked together by an implied comparison. Component1 Component2 Today I saw your feet and I cut myself free from all the seven births, lord with splendid basil-covered chest like a mountain dipped in gold, you captivated Tiru when you first caught her eye. Tirumal, my mind is all yours. Peyalvar declares that he has freed himself from the bonds of birth by surrendering his mind to Visnu, and he implies that this was inevitable once he caught a glimpse of the god's feet.
Songs of Experience: The Poetics of Tamil Devotion (Religion in Asia and Africa) by Norman Cutler