By Thora Tenbrink
Does temporal language rely on spatial language? This common view is intuitively attractive seeing that spatial and temporal expressions are frequently comparable or exact. additionally, metaphors always exhibit temporal phenomena by way of spatial language, pointing to a detailed semantic and conceptual courting. yet what in regards to the program of the 2 varieties of linguistic expressions in usual discourse? The publication attracts jointly findings on phrases that describe the relation of gadgets or occasions to one another (such as in entrance / at the back of, sooner than / after, etc.), highlighting the connection among cognition and language utilization. utilizing the strategy of cognitively encouraged discourse research, novel empirical effects are awarded to enrich prior findings. The precise research of a chosen variety of phrases that seem to be parallel in area and time highlights either similarities and basic modifications of their program. accordingly, a brand new photograph emerges: The strategies of area and time are represented in language utilization in numerous systematic methods, reflecting how we comprehend the realm - and while reflecting how our ideas of house and time fluctuate essentially. the quantity contributes to a debate that has been of curiosity for cognitive linguists for numerous a long time, about the figuring out of move approaches among conceptually intertwined domain names. the categorical contribution of this paintings involves addressing the radical query of the way such tactics come into play within the genuine program of proper expressions in normal discourse. via adopting demonstrated techniques from Discourse research for matters which are deeply rooted in interdisciplinary study in Cognitive technological know-how, insights are drawn jointly from hitherto mostly unrelated fields of analysis to process the subject from an unique standpoint, resulting in a deeper realizing of the connection among the domain names of house and time and their expression in language.
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Additional info for Space, Time, and the Use of Language: An Investigation of Relationships (Cognitive Linguistic Research)
But the capability of verbs to express deictic relationships in their tense system does not have any equivalent in spatial language. This very general description only touches the intricacies of the tense systems of English and German on the surface. For instance, the grammatical tense of a verb does not always coincide with the actual time the verb refers to: the simple present tense in both English and German can refer to events of the future, and sometimes also of the past. Furthermore, various combinations of tenses yield complex temporal relationships that will not be dealt with in detail in the present work (but see, for instance, Halliday 1994 for a detailed account).
In other words, the two events may overlap temporally. 27) Es regnete, bevor ich aus dem Haus ging. Es regnete sogar noch, als ich draußen vor der Tür stand. ‘It rained before I left the house. ’ Nachdem Peter Maria unterwegs getroffen hatte, fuhr er mit dem Fahrrad nach Hause. 27), the lexical item “unterwegs” (on the way) indicates that Peter had been cycling home even before he met Maria. Also in the corpus work presented in the next chapter, we will encounter several examples of temporal overlap, showing that the widespread interpretation of the temporal dimensional terms as indicating succession may be too narrow.
8) Jack arrived before Jill. Jack arrived before Jill arrived. Jack stands behind Jill. *Jack stands behind Jill stands. 6) is nearly identical except that before appears in the syntactic form of a conjunction, combining two different full clauses. 8); the spatial dimensional term cannot introduce a clause. Notably, the spatial conjunctions that occur at all are only capable of expressing (different kinds of) spatial identity, while temporal conjunctions cover a greater range of semantic variety, such as precedence, simultaneity, etc.
Space, Time, and the Use of Language: An Investigation of Relationships (Cognitive Linguistic Research) by Thora Tenbrink