By Sonia Cristofaro
This booklet offers a typology of subordination structures around the world's languages. conventional definitions of subordination are in accordance with morphosyntactic standards, similar to clausal embedding or non-finiteness. The booklet indicates that those definitions are untenable in a cross-linguistic standpoint, and gives a cognitively established definition of subordination.
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Additional resources for Subordination (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory)
The proﬁle is the part of a scene that is obligatorily accessed, and accorded special cognitive prominence. For instance, the base for a predication like circle is the basic domain of two-dimensional space, while the proﬁle is a set of points within this domain. On the other hand, a predication like arc has as its base the two-dimentional conﬁguration designated by circle (in that the conception of an arc presupposes that of a circle), and proﬁles a segment of that conﬁguration. Langacker (1991: 436) argues that a subordinate clause is describable as one whose proﬁle is overridden by that of a main clause.
2)), but to the fact that the semantic features of complement-taking predicates necessarily involve reference to another clause. Yet, no one would claim that ‘I think’ is a subordinate clause. 4 below, other traditional subordination criteria (such as embedding) unambiguously identify ‘that she will arrive tomorrow’ as the subordinate clause, and ‘He thinks’ as the main one. Thus, this a case where dependency is in conﬂict with other subordination criteria. The cases just described show that dependency cannot be used as a distinctive criterion for subordination.
23) Alarms ringing, the burglar ﬂed, didn’t he? Once again, what is being questioned in these examples is that the burglar ﬂed, not that alarms were ringing. The relation between assertion (or autonomous proﬁle) and illocutionary force is also quite clear. By making an assertion, or designating a process, a speaker performs a particular kind of speech act, one aiming at making the addressee know or take for granted some part of the sentence. Illocutionary force is the property whereby a sentence can function as a speech act (Dik 1997a: 299–307).
Subordination (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory) by Sonia Cristofaro