By Gisa Rauh
This ebook bargains a scientific account of syntactic different types - the construction blocks of sentences and the devices of grammatical research - and explains their position in numerous theories of language. It units out and clarifies the conflicting definitions of competing frameworks which often make it not easy or very unlikely to check grammars. Gisa Rauh describes the heritage and nature of conventional and modern bills and definitions of grammatical different types. She explains their homes and use in generative, cognitive, and useful theories, and considers their functionality in language typology. She distinguishes among the cognitive services of different types that relate to conventional elements of speech and serve to constitution a language's lexicon; and people which ascertain the syntactic behaviour of the linguistic goods they specify. Professor Rauh illustrates her account with quite a lot of examples. Her transparent and balanced exposition may be welcomed via scholars and students in all branches of linguistics in addition to by means of these in comparable topics resembling computational technological know-how and the philosophy of language.
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Extra resources for Syntactic Categories: Their Identification and Description in Linguistic Theories (Oxford Surveys in Syntax and Morphology)
G. collective nouns). ). It should be pointed out, however, that this lack of uniformity can be identiﬁed as such only in an approach in which morphology, semantics, and syntax are considered as different, autonomous levels or components of a grammar. e. in the Te´khne¯ grammatike¯, this was not the case. There, uniformity was achieved by the general grammatical principle of analogy, which could be instantiated by different – morphological, semantic, or syntactic – properties. These properties together formed the basis for the categorization.
Neither derivational nor semantic properties are also considered (cf. D. J. Taylor 2000: 457). 20 syntactic categories replaced by other properties. Since Greek is a highly inﬂecting language, it comes as no surprise that analogy as a grammatical principle was ﬁrst recognized in connection with the visible forms of inﬂection. In this sense, the parts of speech deﬁned here do represent grammatical categories. Their deﬁnition is in accordance with what Dionysius and others considered the guiding principle of grammar: analogy.
The description of case properties, which for Anglo-Saxon in its strong declension reveals four cases (nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative, with identical inﬂectional forms of the nominative and the accusative), has also lost signiﬁcance in Modern English, where only a genitive 24 syntactic categories inﬂectional marker can be identiﬁed. Even the discussion of the plural shows that there is not always a speciﬁc inﬂectional form that identiﬁes words as plural nouns. Ma¨tzner explains this by pointing out that some nouns belong to speciﬁc semantic classes which have a plural meaning: collective nouns occur in the singular but also have a plural meaning and agree with plural forms in their context.
Syntactic Categories: Their Identification and Description in Linguistic Theories (Oxford Surveys in Syntax and Morphology) by Gisa Rauh