By Howard Lasnik with Marcela Depiante and Arthur Stepanov
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Additional resources for Syntactic Structures Revisited: Contemporary Lectures on Classic Transformational Theory (Current Studies in Linguistics, 33)
HAVE and en do go together, but they don't go together. There's something in between. We have a paradox. The rule that < previous page page_47 next page > < previous page page_48 next page > Page 48 Chomsky proposed to resolve the first part of the paradox, the dependency, is the following, an extension of (116): As before, this rule is an abbreviation of eight rules. " Second, this rule correctly guarantees that have and en are always introduced together, and similarly for be and ing. " This situation is shown in (148).
A. ) where n is greater than 0 (n > 0) b. ) n>0 A. Write context-free grammars for each of these languages. ) B. Give derivations for two sentences from each of the languages. 3 English Verbal Morphology With this much formal background, let's go through some of the English phenomena that Chomsky brilliantly examined in Syntactic Structures. We'll begin by looking at a set of complicated facts quite superficially. 1 English Auxiliaries In English a sentence can have a main verb and no "auxiliary verb," as in (96).
Instead, complicated structures were created by special operations, called generalized transformations, which put together simpler structures. For example, to derive John knew that Mary understood the theory, first the separate structures underlying John knew it and Mary understood the theory were < previous page page_23 next page > < previous page page_24 next page > Page 24 generated; then a generalized transformation inserted the second of these structures into the first. " Chomsky listed a few generalized transformations as (22)(26) on pages 113-114 of Syntactic Structures.
Syntactic Structures Revisited: Contemporary Lectures on Classic Transformational Theory (Current Studies in Linguistics, 33) by Howard Lasnik with Marcela Depiante and Arthur Stepanov