Read e-book online Tense and Aspect in Eight Languages of Cameroon (Summer PDF

By Stephen C. Anderson, Bernard Comrie

ISBN-10: 088312808X

ISBN-13: 9780883128084

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Extra info for Tense and Aspect in Eight Languages of Cameroon (Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics)

Example text

This -r-ending corresponds to plural -r- in Latin: genus – genera, tempus – tempora. In Scots a few more -n-nouns have survived: ee ‘eye’ – een ‘eyes’; shoe -shune, and r-plurals could until recently also be heard: breer ‘eye-brows’ and caur, kaur ‘calves’ (Millar 2007:66). 6. Some very frequently used nouns show vowel variation in their stems between the singular and the plural: foot ‑ feet, tooth ‑ teeth, goose ‑ geese, mouse ‑ mice, louse ‑ lice, man ‑ men.  OE lus – lys come from PreOE *lus- – *lusi-.

8. The fact that numeral nouns like dozen, score, gross, hundred, thousand and million exhibit unchanged plurals after numerals, might be attributed to the redundancy which co-occurrence of numeral and plural ending would represent. There are comparable examples in other languages, cp. ). 9. 1. the plural form of nouns ModE. ), and the following noun to which it was attached was therefore a genitive (of description). With the regular ME weakening of the final -a (> -e) and the subsequent loss of this schwa sound [-\] such nouns became endingless.

Danish stundom ‘sometimes’), while whilom is obsolete today. 17. This variation is similar to the variation seen in Danish infinitives: [ri:ð\] and [ri:ð], depending on speech tempo and the following sound. 8. 2. 18 In comparison to what happened in the other Germanic languages it is not unreasonable to interpret these vocalic and nasal developments as entailing a breakdown of the old predominantly synthetic structure of English, which was accompanied by some restructuring on the basis of available material.

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Tense and Aspect in Eight Languages of Cameroon (Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics) by Stephen C. Anderson, Bernard Comrie

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